aphg - AP Human Geography Questions Chapter One: While I...

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AP Human Geography Questions Chapter One: “While I Was Sleeping” 1. Globalization is taking place, making it seem like the world is flat because you can communicate with anyone in the world at any time without any difficulty. The playing field is being leveled because other smaller countries are now advancing and becoming just like the larger countries of the world. These smaller countries are able to do whatever anyone else can. Countries like the United States of America and England, don’t have a huge advantage over the rest of the world anymore. 2. First Era: 1492-1800- This is when countries started globalizing. Columbus discovered the United States and people got a sense of how big the world really was. The author describes this period of globalization as shrinking the world from a “size large” to a “size medium”. Second Era: 1800-2000- In this era the world went from a “size medium” to a “size small”. Transportation and telecommunication allowed us to create a true global economy. Companies wanted to find ways to go global and use the opportunities to their advantage. Individual companies started globalizing. Third Era: 2000- Current & Future- The author describes Globalization 3.0 as shrinking the world from a “size small” to a “size tiny” and flattening it. Now individuals started globalizing. Anybody can communicate with anyone around the world and share things digitally. 3. American business has changed drastically because of globalization. Many American jobs are being outsourced to countries like India because they do the work cheaper. Globalization is going to encourage individuals to do their best to succeed because now they are competing against the entire world. Also, now countries like India and China are advancing which puts pressure on the United States to continue to advance and keep up with the rest of the world. Chapter Five: “America and Free Trade” 1. Protectionism is when tariffs or quotas are put on imports so people are discouraged to buy these products and instead buy cheaper products which are manufactured in their own country. This reduces oversea competition and prevents foreign countries from taking over another country’s native markets. Protectionists are also very against outsourcing. On the other hand, free trade is when nations are free to trade with each other without government interference and there are no barriers such as tariffs. Many people are for Protectionism because American jobs would be protected. However, we would have to pay higher prices for low-quality products. They would be low quality because if there were no competition, our products would never improve. With free trade, there would be increased production and efficiency and more consumer satisfaction because products would be cheaper and better quality. Although there is no guarantee that
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your job won’t be outsourced in a free-trade economy, we have to see what is best for the nation as a whole in the long run. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Siller during the Spring '10 term at University of Minnesota Duluth.

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aphg - AP Human Geography Questions Chapter One: While I...

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