APchapter4notes - Chapter 4 Notes Car bon and the M ol ecul...

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    Chapter 4 Notes Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
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    Concept 4.1 Compounds containing carbon are said to  be  organic compounds . Carbon atoms are very versatile. - have 4 valence electrons.  It will share  electrons in 4 covalent bonds  ( tetravalence )
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    Concept 4.2 Variation in carbon skeletons contribute to  the diversity of organic molecules. - long chains form carbon skeletons - often bonded to several hydrogen  atoms forming a hydrocarbon.
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    Concept 4.2
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    Concept 4.2 Isomers : compounds that have the same  molecular formula, but different  structures (with different properties). structural : differ in the covalent  arrangements of atoms. geometric : same covalent properties,  but differ in spatial arrangements. enantiomers : mirror images
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    Concept 4.2
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  Concept 4.3 Functional groups : components of  molecules that are often involved in  chemical reactions. - ex. difference between testosterone 
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Siller during the Spring '10 term at University of Minnesota Duluth.

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APchapter4notes - Chapter 4 Notes Car bon and the M ol ecul...

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