History of Evolutionary Theory

History of Evolutionary Theory - History of Evolutionary...

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History of Evolutionary Theory Pre-cursors to evolutionary theory John Ray and Carolus Linnaeus both proposed a system of classifying nature. Ray came up with binomial nomenclature. Both were teleologists(thought everything in the world was designed to have a purpose), essentialists(believed all things have a fixed ‘essence’ or soul) and anti-evolutionist. Linnaeus was first to place human in taxonomic system as just another species. Compte de Buffon did not believe in teleology, or that nature was fixed. Argued for a dynamic relationship between organisms and their surroundings. Claimed in Natural History that animals evolved to adapt to environment and that the earth was very old. Erasmus Darwin (Charles Darwin’s grandfather) also believed the earth was old and that animals evolved to adapt to local conditions. Georges Cuvier was a paleontologist that concluded that 90% of all living things have gone extinct. Proposed the theory of catastrophism. Charles Lyell
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History of Evolutionary Theory - History of Evolutionary...

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