Study Guide - Study Guide Exam 1 CRJU 4910: Mental Health...

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Study Guide – Exam 1 CRJU 4910: Mental Health and Criminal Justice Dr. Brent Teasdale Introduction to Mental Illness Know the various definitions of abnormality and problems with these definitions A. Definitions of abnormality a. Statistical Deviation i. Uncommon behavior b. Social Norm Violation i. Breaking social norms c. Maladaptive Behavior i. Inability to adapt to the demands of life; disrupts social functioning d. Personal Distress i. Feeling content with life is a sign of normality; discontent = abnormality 1. Not being content with life e. Deviation from an ideal i. Humanistic and existential psychology provide ideal human characteristics we should all strive for f. Medical Disorder i. Think about mental illness the same way you think of physical disease thus, Medical Disorder is viewed as treatable like a physical disease meaning that there are treatments that can help in containing or even eliminating mental illness
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B. Problems with these definitions a. Statistical Deviation: What about geniuses? i. Abnormality has a negative cogitation to it, so are geniuses abnormal in a negative manner b. Social Norm Violation: Social Reformers? i. Cultural relativism – are they abnormal for going against the norm c. Maladaptive Behavior: possibility of abnormal situations i. They are abnormal because they are in abnormal situations however they are not abnormal themselves d. Personal Distress i. This is the idea that it is normal to feel no discomfort thus, according to this definition a psychopath would be normal because they feel no discomfort e. Deviation from an ideal i. Main issue is ‘Who’s ideal?’ Depending on the culture, social, and environmental definition of who is abnormal f. Medical Disorder i. Implies that health is the absence of disease, but this may not be true; Physiological doesn’t have to always be the case What is a symptom? An observable manifestation of disease What is a disease? An impairment of the normal state of the organism identified by a particular group of symptoms and a specific cause What are the goals of classification? 1. An Exhaustive System
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a. It should account to all types of abnormal behavior to be able to diagnose, describe, treat, etc. 2. Mutually Exclusive Categories a. System should clearly distinguish between different categories or types of abnormal behavior 3. Reliability a. The idea that every time you use a measuring stick it will always be consistently the same b. Applying the definition above to classification in Criminal Justice as it refers to Mental Illness, the tool used in the classification system in reliable enough that no matter who (what doctor/psychiatrists) is diagnosing a patient, they will all get the same disorder/mental illness 4. Validity a. The idea that if it is valid then it is true b. Applying the definition above to our classification goals, classification is valid in that it can be relied upon which then is it’s truth What is the DSM? Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRJU 4910 taught by Professor Dr.brentteasdale during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Study Guide - Study Guide Exam 1 CRJU 4910: Mental Health...

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