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Lecture 10-Nothing Works! The Downfall of the Professional Model

Lecture 10-Nothing Works! The Downfall of the Professional Model

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Lecture 10: Nothing Works! Challenges to the Professional/Standard Model of Policing Recall from earlier classes that one part of the crisis that led to the downfall of the professional model was evidence that “nothing worked” in preventing crime In general, there was widespread pessimism across all of criminal justice that nothing we could do was effective in preventing crime This attitude really began with a famous study of rehabilitation programs in prisons across the US Origin: In 1966, New York State Governor's Special Committee on Criminal Offenders commissioned a study to answer the question: What works in prison reform and rehabilitation? Evaluate existing studies on the effectiveness of correctional programs in rehabilitating criminal offenders Report gained notoriety as it was ready to be published in 1972, but the state of New York decided to withhold it -Thus it gained and underground reputation and ended up garnering a lot more attention than it probably would have otherwise Similar findings were soon found in studies of policing, and helped bring about the decline of the professional era As many of the key tactics/assumptions of the standard model of policing where challenged by the results of these studies Key tactics Professional Era/Standard Model of Policing tested: A. Random, Preventive Patrol The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment (Kelling et al., 1974) The professional model made 2 key assumptions about the usefulness of random patrol 1. Police could deter crime by random patrolling the entire city in police cars -Never know when they’re just around the corner 2. 1
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Kelling and colleagues designed an experiment to test this assumption in Kansas City 15 areas were randomly assigned to receive one of three types of police patrol strategy that varied by the amount of patrol they received 1. Reactive beats – no preventive patrol. Police only entered these areas in response to
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