Lecture 12- Problem Oriented Policing

Lecture 12 Problem - Lecture 12 Problem-Oriented Policing-As noted problem solving plays a key role in community-oriented policing-Or at least it

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Lecture 12: Problem-Oriented Policing -As noted, problem solving plays a key role in community-oriented policing -Or at least it should according to COP reformers -But that doesn’t mean problem-solving in police departments has to be done within COP or even involve working with the community -In fact, the notion of problem solving in police departments pre-dates the first implementations of COP -The idea of Problem-Oriented Policing (POP) was first formally developed by Herman Goldstein. -Goldstein strongly suggested that police should be proactive and solve problems that lead to crime, rather than be reactive by just responding to crime after it’s reported -He argued that by being so reactive, the professional model focused too much on the _________ of policing, and too little on the _________ -i.e. far too much emphasis on # of hours patrolled, # of arrests, # of cops on the street etc. rather than on finding solutions to crime problems and achieving the end goal of making communities safer -Goldstein suggested that this shift to being proactive and focusing on solving problems would require police to change how they do business -As such he noted that to do POP effectively police must: 1. -Not broad goals, but identify specific problems in specific areas and come up with specific solutions to them on a problem by problem basis 2. -Does little good to only know you have a robbery problem in a certain area from crime data -They must gather more info and come up with ideas on why that problem is occurring in that area -And then find solutions that address the specific reasons those crimes are occurring. 3. 1
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-Can’t just rely on law enforcement, must expand their toolbox and be open to finding different solutions that fit each specific problem __________________________________ - POP was really formalized and started spreading around the country after this famous study done in Newport News, VA -The study found positive impacts of POP on crime, but even more importantly, it developed a clear model for how to do POP which could be easily replicated in other cities. -First, they noted that POP will be more effective if the agency changes to become a fully
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRJU 3110 taught by Professor Dr.joshuahinkle during the Spring '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Lecture 12 Problem - Lecture 12 Problem-Oriented Policing-As noted problem solving plays a key role in community-oriented policing-Or at least it

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