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Ch.3 Book Notes - Perla Mydory Aparicio Social Work Ch 3...

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Perla Mydory Aparicio Social Work 1-26-2011 Ch. 3 Empowerment and Human Diversity Discrimination, Oppression. Marginalization, Alienation, Stereotypes, and Prejudice Discrimination- act of treating people differently based on the fact that they belong to some group rather than the merit. Oppression- putting extreme limitations and constraints on some person, group, or system. Marginalization- condition of having less power and being viewed as less important than others in the society because of belonging to some group or having some characteristic (racial, economic, ethnic, or political) Alienation-like marginalization, feeling that you don’t fit in or aren’t treated as well as others in the mainstream of society Economic deprivation- condition of having inadequate or unjust access to financial resources Poverty- condition “of not having enough money to buy things that are considered necessary and desirable” Stereotypes- fixed mental picture of member of some specified group based on some attribute or attributes that reflect an overly simplified view of that group, without consideration or appreciation of individual differences Prejudice- like stereotype, but it is a way of thinking not an act Populations at risk and social and economic Justice Populations at risk- people at greater risk of deprivation and unfair treatment because they share some identifiable characteristic that places them in a diverse group o Age, class, color, culture, disability, ethnicity. Gender, gender identity and expression, immigration status, political ideology, race, religion, sex , sexual orientation are factors that characterize diversity
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