Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Learning What is learning A change in...

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Chapter 4: Learning 9/10/10 What is learning? - A change in behavior due to experience - A result of practice Why is learning important? 1. Noticing & ignoring Habituation- a decrease responsiveness to a repeated event(getting used to something) Sensitization- increased responsiveness to a repeated event(something getting on your nerves) 2. Learning what events signal Associating 2 events One stimulus predicts another stimulus “Classical Conditioning”- Ivan Pavlov Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)-food in mouth & Unconditioned Response (UCR)- salivation Neutral Stimulus (NS)- tone “ring ring” The NS tone begins to predict the UCS )-food NS now produces a conditioned response (CR) NS becomes a conditioned stimulus (CS) CS must be presented before UCS & UCS needs to follow quickly in time Example of Classical Conditioning-John Watson instilled fear of rat in Little Albert Stimulus generalization- when a new stimulus produces a response similar to the one
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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Learning What is learning A change in...

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