Chapter 9 - Change blindness- failure to detect changes in...

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Chapter 9 Cognition Thinking Gaining Knowledge Dealing with Knowledge What is Thinking? Mentally manipulation information by o Forming categories Category- a group of concepts of things that share properties Many different ways to describe a category Prototype : familiar/typical example of a category Conceptual network has hierarchies that simplifies our memory Spreading activation- activation of one concept also activations or primes other linked concepts o Paying attention Attention- tendency to respond to OR remember some stimuli more than others Preattentive process- extracting information automatically & simultaneously across a large visual field Stands out immediately Attentive Process- procedure that extracts information from one part of the visual field at a time Specific and takes more effort
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Unformatted text preview: Change blindness- failure to detect changes in part of a scene because we are not paying attention to it Attentional Blink- brief difficulty focusing your attention on a stimulus after having focused on another o Solving problems Is studied by psychologists to: • Understand thought processes behind it • Make problem-solving more efficient • 4 phases of problem-solving o Understanding the problem o Generation hypothesis o Testing hypothesis o Checking the results • Algorithm- repetitive procedure for solving a problem by testing every hypothesis • Heuristic- strategies for simplifying problem or for guiding investigation • Representative Heuristic- tendency to assume that if something that resembles members of a category, it is probably a member of that category o Making decisions...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 110 taught by Professor Little during the Fall '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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