{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 9 - Change blindness failure to detect changes in...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 Cognition Thinking Gaining Knowledge Dealing with Knowledge What is Thinking? Mentally manipulation information by o Forming categories Category- a group of concepts of things that share properties Many different ways to describe a category Prototype : familiar/typical example of a category Conceptual network has hierarchies that simplifies our memory Spreading activation- activation of one concept also activations or primes other linked concepts o Paying attention Attention- tendency to respond to OR remember some stimuli more than others Preattentive process- extracting information automatically & simultaneously across a large visual field Stands out immediately Attentive Process- procedure that extracts information from one part of the visual field at a time Specific and takes more effort
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Change blindness- failure to detect changes in part of a scene because we are not paying attention to it Attentional Blink- brief difficulty focusing your attention on a stimulus after having focused on another o Solving problems Is studied by psychologists to: • Understand thought processes behind it • Make problem-solving more efficient • 4 phases of problem-solving o Understanding the problem o Generation hypothesis o Testing hypothesis o Checking the results • Algorithm- repetitive procedure for solving a problem by testing every hypothesis • Heuristic- strategies for simplifying problem or for guiding investigation • Representative Heuristic- tendency to assume that if something that resembles members of a category, it is probably a member of that category o Making decisions...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online