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Chapter 12 Outline_Kanwar (1)

Chapter 12 Outline_Kanwar (1) - Chapter 12 Psychological...

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Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders: · What is a psychological disorder? - Emotional distress - Mental tensions - Sadness - Stress or anxiety -Significant impairment -Deterioration in daily functioning -Psychological Disabilities -Inability to learn -Memory problems -Emotionally instable · Historic View Possessions- Devils, Witches, Demons Greek- God’s punishment Hippocrates- Abnormality of brain Exorcism- Expelling of demon Water float test- Impurities float · Characteristics of Psychological disorder -Appropriateness to situation -Whether the behavior is appropriate to situation or is socially acceptable -Magnitude of problem -How severe is the problem behavior -How much is it affecting the functioning of an individual and people around him -Duration of problem -Since how long the problem exits · Criteria -Unusual -Deviation may not always mean abnormal -Faulty perception -Hearing or seeing something nonexistent in reality (Hallucinations) -Severe personal distress -Is affecting a person significantly -Self-defeating -Its harming the individual -Dangerous -Can be harmful to self (suicide) or to others (antisocial behavior) -Socially Unacceptable -Is not according to the cultural norms · Classification need and system (DSM) Need to classify -Scientific investigation
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-Progress needs classification -Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) Classification scheme for psychological disorders · Classification purpose and conflicts -Purpose -Grouping disorders according to their symptoms -Problem in living and having a disorder is different -Conflict -Labeling prevents people from seeking help · Five Axis of DSM –IV 1) Clinical Syndromes 2) Personality Disorders 3) General Medical Conditions 4) Psychological and Environmental Problems
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