Final Exam Review Outline (1)

Final Exam Review Outline (1) - Final Exam Review Ch 1:...

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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Review Ch 1: Human Development • Types of Attachment Secure (60%-70%)- Play and explore room- Cry when mother leaves; easily comforted by her return Resistant (10%)- Stay close to mother & not like when stranger appears Avoidant (20-25%)- No clear attachment to mother- Not bothered when mother leaves; not bothered when she returns Disorganized (5-8%) - May show behavior consistent with all three other categories Ch 2: Research • Experiments- Test causal hypothesis- Manipulate and control variables- Participants are randomly assigned • Independent Variable- Manipulated- Cause in experiment • Dependent Variable- Measure- Effect in experiment Ch 3: Memory • Sensory Memory- First stage of memory- Holds exact copy of what you hear and what you see for a few seconds or less • Short-Term Memory- Second stage of memory- Holds small amounts of info for a short time- Stored phonetically (by sound)- Dumped after use unless encoded- (working memory)- Mental math, puzzles, reading, mental “scratchpad”- Average capacity is 7(+2 or -2) information bits- Once reach capacity, can’t hold new info- Chunking: recodes info into units already in long-term memory- Maintenance rehearsal- repeat or review- Elaborative rehearsal- link info with existing knowledge • Long-Term Memory- Third stage of memory- Stores important information- Stored based on meaning- Relatively permanent- Stored in the cortex of the brain Ch 4: Learning • Classical Conditioning- Associating two events, one stimulus predicts another stimulus • Unconditioned stimulus (US)- Automatically leads to a response (food) • Unconditioned response (UR)- Salivation- Response that is produced automatically by the US • Conditioned stimulus (CS)- NS (tone)- A neutral stimulus paired with the US (bell) • Conditioned response (CR)- Salivation - The former UR, the acquired response produced by the CS Ch 5: Biological – The Brain • TEMPORAL LOBES- processes hearing, complex aspects of vision, damage= disturbances in speech and language comprehension • OCCIPITAL LOBE- specialized for vision, damage= cortical blindless- no vision (even in dreams) • PARIETAL LOBE- sensory info, location of body parts and objects in space, damage= can see objects but can’t figure out where they are relative to body, *contains the somatosensory cortex • FRONTAL LOBE • Frontal Lobe- planning movement, memory, emotion, language, *Contains the primary motor cortex Ch 6: Perception • Subliminal Perception Idea that a stimulus can influence our behavior when we are not aware of its existence Produces a brief, subtle, and hard to measure effects...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course PSYCH 110 taught by Professor Little during the Fall '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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Final Exam Review Outline (1) - Final Exam Review Ch 1:...

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