Chapter 7 Walker PPT (2)

Chapter 7 Walker PPT (2) - Crime on Bail Two ways to fail...

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LOCK ‘EM UP!! Walker: Chapter 7 CRJU 2200 Fall 2010 November 9 th , 2010
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Goals of Criminal Sentencing Retribution Deterrence Rehabilitation Restoration Incapacitation O The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood that an offender will commit future offenses; the “lock ‘em up” approach O Only requires restraint, not punishment Schmalleger, F. (2010)
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Preventative Detention Preventative detention is a policy that allows judges to deny bail to high-risk criminal defendants The 8 th Amendment: O “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.” O U.S. v. Salerno (1987)
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Bail Reform Bail Reform Movement of the 1960s O Release on recognizance (ROR An Early Test: Preventative Detention in Washington, D.C. O Preventative detention in practice O WHAT HAPPENED? 1984 Bail Reform Act
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Unformatted text preview: Crime on Bail Two ways to fail on bail: O Arrest for another offense O Failure to Appear (FTA) Predicting Dangerousness O Pretrial Drug Testing Is it useful in predicting rearrest? O What did we learn from Career Offender Research? O Speedy Trial Philosophy of Incapacitation Selective Incapacitation O The Rand Formula Gross Incapacitation O Zedlewskis New Math The Costs of Over-Imprisonment Mandatory Sentencing Carried out in two ways: O Mandatory imprisonment for a certain crime and/or O Mandatory minimum prison terms The Nations Toughest Drug Law The Federal Sentencing Guidelines Three Strikes Laws Sex Registration & Notification Laws Enforcement Problems Failure to Protect Society Are there effective treatment programs?...
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Chapter 7 Walker PPT (2) - Crime on Bail Two ways to fail...

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