human development 10 23

human development 10 23 - Temperament - Rothbart & Bates...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Temperament - Rothbart & Bates (1998) - nucleus of personality - individual differences in basic psychological processes constituting the affective, activational, and attentional core of personality and its development - constitutionally based individual differences in emotional, motor, and attentional reactivity and self-regulation - an infant's behavioral style that characterizes that infant's ongoing interaction with the world Temperament: refers to early appearing biologically based individual differences in behavioral tendencies that are relatively stable across time and situations set of tendencies to respond in predictable ways (e.g., sociability and emotional reactivity) 9 characteristics stable from infancy through 10th year a. activity level (active/inactive periods) – physical energy b. rhythmicity (regularity) - predictability c. distractibility (stimulation alters behavior) – sidetracked by interruption d. approach / withdrawal (response to new) – people, environments e. adaptability (ease of change) – time to adjust f. attention span and persistence (time) – stay with a task g. intensity of reaction (energy level of response) – jump up and down, ho hum h. threshold of responsiveness (intensity required to evoke a response) – sensitive to external noise, light, etc (cha in environ) i. quality of mood (friendly vs. unpleasant) categories of temperament: Easy: (40%) displays regularity responds positively to new situations adapts quickly to change exhibits mild and generally positive moods Slow-to-Warm-Up: (15%) mild intensity of either positive or negative reactions very active but doesn’t respond well to new
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
situations mildly negative response to first encounters adjusts over time and without pressure Difficult: (10%) irregular body functions slow to develop good eating and sleeping routines cries louder and longer doesn’t adjust easily to new foods, strangers, and/or change in routine “goodness of fit” issues: How accepting of the infant’s temperament is the environment? environment
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course DFST 1013 taught by Professor Fields-moore during the Fall '08 term at North Texas.

Page1 / 8

human development 10 23 - Temperament - Rothbart & Bates...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online