human development 11 4

Human development - Across childhood Eyewitness memory General vs specific questions General preschoolers recall less than older children but both

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Across childhood… Eyewitness memory General vs specific questions: General: preschoolers recall less than older children but both have accurate recall Specific:preschoolers more suggestible than older children so specific questions. Information but accuracy repeated questioning may lead to confusion general open ended questions. Accuracy direct, cllosed wuestions, accuracy In adolescence: More delibrerate use of strategies and use them ore efficently better able to ignore irrelevant information Continued increase in o Basic capacities o Knowledge base o Metamemory In adulthood Areas of expertise (max:middle age) Expert thinks more quickly and effectively than novice Links to creativity (10 years from gaining expertise to first creative contribution) Seems to be fairly content specific Declines in memory seen more in late middle or in late adulthood Declines more likely when individual doesn’t use effetive memory strategies Speed of processing begins to show in middle adulthood not dramatic,but stronger for women than for men Assesment: o Timed tests,pace of presentation o Unfamiliar content “old” words vs. “young” words o Artificial vs meaningful o Requires strategies/ skills seldom used by the elderly o Recognition vs recall Expicit memore includes both
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In adulthood: longer to input information harder time focusing on the relevant information difficulty retrieving relevant knowledge Different types of memory work in different ways: implicit memory – occurs unintentionally, automatically more like recognition memory capacity changes very little with age apparently we retain information from everyday experiences with little or no effort at any age VS. explicit –
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course DFST 1013 taught by Professor Fields-moore during the Fall '08 term at North Texas.

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Human development - Across childhood Eyewitness memory General vs specific questions General preschoolers recall less than older children but both

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