Children Exposure to Violence

Children Exposure to Violence - U.S. Department of Justice...

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U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Children’s Exposure to Violence NATIONAL SURVEY OF Office of Justice Programs Innovation Partnerships Safer Neighborhoods www.ojp.usdoj.gov Jeff Slowikowski, Acting Administrator October 2009 A Message From OJJDP Children are exposed to violence every day in their homes, schools, and communities. They may be struck by a boyfriend, bullied by a classmate, or abused by an adult. They may witness an assault on a parent or a shooting on the street. Such exposure can cause significant physical, mental, and emotional harm with long-term effects that can last well into adulthood. In 1999, OJJDP created the Safe Start Initiative to prevent and reduce the impact of children’s exposure to violence through enhanced practice, research, evaluation, training and technical assistance, resources, and outreach. The initiative has improved the delivery of developmentally appro- priate services for children exposed to violence and their families. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Partnering with the Centers for Dis- ease Control and Prevention, OJJDP has sponsored the most compre- hensive effort to date to measure children’s exposure to violence. The National Survey of Children’s Expo- sure to Violence is the first survey to ask children and caregivers about exposure to a range of violent inci- dents and maltreatment. As amply evidenced in this Bulletin, children’s exposure to violence is pervasive and crosses all ages. The research findings reported here are critical to informing our efforts to pro- tect children from its damaging effects. Access OJJDP publications online at www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ojjdp Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey David Finkelhor, Heather Turner, Richard Ormrod, Sherry Hamby, and Kristen Kracke This Bulletin discusses the National Sur- vey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure to vio- lence to date, sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Preven- tion (OJJDP) and supported by the Cen- ters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Conducted between January and May 2008, it measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including expo- sure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization. (For more detailed information on the types of violence that children were questioned about, see “Screening Questions” on page 2.) This survey is the first comprehensive attempt to measure children’s exposure to vio- lence in the home, school, and community across all age groups from birth to age 17,
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRJU 4230 taught by Professor Derekallen during the Spring '10 term at Georgia State.

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Children Exposure to Violence - U.S. Department of Justice...

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