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Unformatted text preview: U .S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention December 2005 • J. Robert Flores, Administrator Of fice of Justice Pr ograms Par tnerships for Safer Communities • www.ojp.usdoj.gov How the Justice System Responds to Juvenile Victims: A Comprehensive Model David Finkelhor, Theodore P. Cross, and Elise N. Cantor The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is committed to improving the justice system’s response to crimes against children. OJJDP recognizes that children are at increased risk for crime victimization. Not only are children the vic tims of many of the same crimes that victimize adults, they are subject to other crimes, like child abuse and neglect, that are specific to childhood. The impact of these crimes on young victims can be devastating, and the violent or sexual victimization of children can often lead to an intergenerational cycle of violence and abuse. The purpose of OJJDP’s Crimes Against Children Series is to improve and expand the nation’s efforts to better serve child victims by presenting the latest information about child victimization, including analyses of crime victimization statistics, studies of child victims and their spe cial needs, and descriptions of programs and approaches that address these needs. This Bulletin introduces the concept that The juvenile victim justice system is not a justice system exists that responds to as widely recognized in part because it juvenile victims. This juvenile victim jus- is a fragmented system. It has not been tice system is a complex set of agencies conceptualized as a whole or put into and institutions that include police, prose- place by a common set of statutes in cutors, criminal and civil courts, child the way the juvenile offender system protection agencies, children’s advocacy has. Many of the agencies that handle centers, and victim services and mental juvenile victims are part of other sys health agencies. The system has a struc- tems, not designed primarily with juve ture and sequence, but its operation, nile victims in mind. despite the thousands of cases it handles every year, is not as widely recognized and understood as the operation of the 1 This Bulletin was adapted by the authors, with per- more familiar juvenile offender justice mission, from “The Justice System for Juvenile Vic tims: A Comprehensive Model of Case Flow” in system. 1 Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 6(2):83–102 (2005). www Access OJJDP publications online at .ojp.usdoj.gov/ojjdp The justice system handles thou system model presented in this Bul This Bulletin identifies the major ele action of the agencies and individuals A Message From OJJDP sands of cases involving juvenile victims each year. These victims are served by a complex set of agencies and institutions, including police, prosecutors, courts, and child protec tion agencies. Despite the many cases involving juvenile victims and...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRJU 4230 taught by Professor Derekallen during the Spring '10 term at Georgia State.
- Spring '10