Juvenile Justice at Crossroads Advocasey

Juvenile Justice at Crossroads Advocasey - ADVOCASEY D O C...

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A PUBLICATION OF THE ANNIE E. CASEY FOUNDATION VOLUME FIVE NUMBER ONE SPRING 2003 AND THE WALLS KEEP TUMBLING DOWN: Continued Progress on Juvenile Detention Alternatives HIP-HOP VS. LOCK-UP: Alameda County Youth Battle a Juvenile Jail Building Boom CHOICES: Four Keys to Juvenile Justice Reform JUVENILE JUSTICE AT A CROSSROADS ADVOCASEY EXPLORES THE CHALLENGES FACING AMERICA’S JUVENILE COURTS AND CORRECTIONS SYSTEMS Douglas W. Nelson: TIME TO END FAD JUSTICE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL: Missouri Shows the Way on Juvenile Corrections ADVO C ASEY DOCUMENTING PROGRAMS THA T WORK FOR KIDS & FA M ILIES
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KIDS, CRIME, AND PUNISHMENT FAR-REACHING CHALLENGES AND PHANTOM SOLUTIONS THE ADVOCASEY INDEX RACIAL IMBALANCE: Number of new studies from 1989 to 2001 that docu- mented racial disparities in the way youth are treated in our nation’s juvenile justice systems: Chances that a minority youth arrested for a violent felony in California will be transferred to adult court and sentenced to incarceration, compared with those for a white youth arrested for a violent felony: Among youthful offenders admitted to adult prisons nationwide in 1997, percentage who were African American: GROWING POPULARITY: Number of states that changed their laws in the 1990s to make it easier to try juvenile offenders as adults: For information on the sources cited in the ADVOCASEY Index, send an e-mail to webmail@aecf.org. ASSEMBLY LINE JUSTICE: Number of rulings made by a juvenile judge in Cook County, Illinois, on a typical day: Maximum fee in Virginia for a court-appointed lawyer to represent a juvenile defendant: Percentage of juvenile offenders in a Louisiana juvenile corrections facility who recall speaking with an attorney for more than 30 minutes prior to their court date: SKYROCKETING CONFINEMENT: Change nationwide in the number of juvenile offenders confined in residential corrections institutions from 1993 to 1999: Change in the juvenile arrest rate for violent index offenses from 1993 to 1999: Percentage of confined juvenile offenders nationwide in 1999 who were violent felons: Percentage of youth released from confinement in Minnesota and Washington State who were convicted of a new offense within three years of release: Average cost of confinement in Minnesota and Washington State juvenile corrections facilities: ...AND A FALSE SOLUTION: “ADULT TIME FOR ADULT CRIME” FOR JUVENILE JUSTICE, SERIOUS CONCERNS DISAPPOINTING RESULTS: Of five widely cited scientific studies analyzing the effects of trying youth in adult courts, number showing that youth tried in adult courts are less likely to reoffend than youth with similar backgrounds tried in juvenile courts: Percentage of Florida youth serving time in adult prisons who say they expect to remain crime-free after release: Percentage of Florida youth serving time in juvenile corrections facilities who say they expect to remain crime-free: 25 3 times as likely 58 +48 percent –33 percent 33 percent 25 54 and 73, respectively $133 and $120 per day 15 49, plus the District of Columbia none 34 percent 110 $112 per case
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Juvenile Justice at Crossroads Advocasey - ADVOCASEY D O C...

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