What Work for Juvenile Offenders

What Work for - 1 JUVENILE OFFENDERS WHAT WORKS A Summary of Research Findings Roxanne Lieb Washington State Institute for Public Policy The

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Unformatted text preview: 1 JUVENILE OFFENDERS: WHAT WORKS? A Summary of Research Findings Roxanne Lieb Washington State Institute for Public Policy The Evergreen State College Mail Stop: TA-00, Seminar 3162 Olympia, Washington 98505 Phone: (360) 866-6000, ext. 6380 Fax: (360) 866-6825 October 1994 2 This document can assist policymakers in understanding the major research findings in juvenile delinquency. It summarizes key findings and offers an overview. It is not an exhaustive review of the literature. Readers should consult the bibliography for publication citations. The following topics are covered: Page • Risk Factors for Juvenile Delinquency 3 • Can Juvenile Offenders Be Rehabilitated? 4 • Are Diversion Programs Effective? 7 • What Works With Violent & Chronic Juvenile Offenders? 8 • Connection Between Juvenile and Adult • Criminal Careers 10 • Results of Deinstitutionalization 11 • Privately- and Publicly-Operated Facilities 13 • Prevention of Delinquency 14 • Influence of Single Parent Families 16 • Bibliography 17 The author thanks Janie Maki, Staci Thomas, Peggy Roper, and Tom Sykes for their assistance. Introduction and Contents 3 “Overall, research findings support the conclusion that no single cause accounts for all delinquency and no single pathway leads to a life of crime.” Huizinga, Loeber and Thornberry, 1994 A literature review found the following factors to be important predictors of delinquency: 1. Early conduct problems —aggression, stealing, truancy, lying, drug use—are not only general predictors of delinquency many years later, but especially of serious delinquency, and in certain cases, of recidivism. 2. Children who have not outgrown their aggressiveness by early adolescence appear to be at high risk for delinquency. 3. Although juvenile arrest or conviction is a predictor of arrest or conviction in adulthood, the seriousness of the juvenile offense appears to be a better predictor of continued, serious delinquency in adulthood. 4. Individual family variables are moderately strong predictors of subsequent delinquency in offspring. Particularly strong predictors were poor supervision and the parents’ rejection of the child, while other child- rearing variables such as lack of discipline and lack of involvement were slightly less powerful. In addition, parental criminality and aggressiveness, and marital discord were moderately strong predictors. Parent absence, parent health, and socioeconomic status were weaker predictors of later delinquency. 5. Poor educational performance predicted later delinquency to some extent, but available evidence suggests that accompanying conduct problems may be more critical. 6. A majority of eventual chronic offenders can be recognized in their elementary school years on the basis of their conduct problems and other handicaps ....
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CRJU 4230 taught by Professor Derekallen during the Spring '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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What Work for - 1 JUVENILE OFFENDERS WHAT WORKS A Summary of Research Findings Roxanne Lieb Washington State Institute for Public Policy The

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