day20 - Psychology 2050 Perception 4 November 10 Day 20...

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Psychology 2050 Perception 4 November 10 Day 20
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(cultural salience): level 1: color terms in their own right level 2: color terms borrowed from objects "blue" -  macula lutea,              chromatic aberration tradeoffs in vision luminance 3 geniculostriate pathways in vision art as experiments in perceptual neuroscience equiluminance   (isoluminance)
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Munsell color  chart, Day 19 hue--> lightness--> how do languages  parse  this space?
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level 1: color terms in their own right blue, red, green, yellow, brown, purple black, white, gray a measure of cultural/linguistic salience level 2: color terms borrowed from other objects orange, pink and many more
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Remarkable uniformity of color terms among quite varied linguistic traditions Assumption: to find out about cultural salience, ask the language look at the linguistic terms, their frequency, and their etymology
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the most frequent words in English the = 70,000 (1/14) of = 36,000 and = 29,000 a = 21,000 that = 10,500 is = 10,000 the = 61,800 of = 29,400 and = 26,800 a = 21,600 in = 18,000 to = 16,000 Leech et al, spoken words, per million the = 39,600 I = 29,500 you = 25,900 and = 25,000 it = 24,000 a = 18,600
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Most frequent color words in English (Kucera & Francis = KF; Leech et al = L KF L KF L 1. white 365 265 7. gray (grey) 92 57 2. black 203 264 8. yellow 55 41 3. red 197 153 9. pink 48 30 4. brown 176 83 10. orange 23 31 5. blue 143 117 11. violet 8 <10 6. green 116 157 12. purple 8 11
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level 1:  (1) old, (2) unrelated to objects   or applied to objects after the appearance  of the color term   level 2: newer, borrowed from objects source:  OED & other dictionaries, or interviews
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(Kucera & Francis = KF; Leech et al = L KF L KF L 1. white 365 265 7. gray (grey) 92 57 2. black 203 264 8. yellow 55
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 2050 at Cornell.

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day20 - Psychology 2050 Perception 4 November 10 Day 20...

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