LEC05 - LEC05 Sep 27th 2010 Social and Cultural Dimension...

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LEC05 Sep 27 th 2010 Social and Cultural Dimension of Population Change ** rd pg 127-149, 151-158 1. How do populations grow or decline? 2. What roles do social/ cultural factors play in population? [different rates in different locations] 3. What other factors affect population change? FERTILITY -measured by crude birth rate CBR [total live births per 1000 ppl in one year] See fig. 4.1 pg 129 OBSERVATIONS: Higher birth rates in Africa First world countries have low CBR Countries along the tropics higher CBR Colder regions lower CBR FACTORS AFFECTING FERTILITY Biological factors -role of age: reproductive years of men VS women -role of nutritional well-being: poor health status of population related to lower fertility Economic factors **Why does fertility go down when nutrition improves? -fertility is related to economic development and as development increases , fertility decreases Cultural factors -marriage rate [what is the average age men/women marry at?] -contraceptive use: availability, cost, attitude (religious beliefs)
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LEC05 - LEC05 Sep 27th 2010 Social and Cultural Dimension...

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