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Phi101 study guide 2

Phi101 study guide 2 - Study Guide Marx Difference between...

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1 Study Guide: Marx: Difference between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation: Extrinsic motivation means a person is motivated by an outside source like money, power, status, material goods, fame, etc. Intrinsic motivation means a person is motivated by internal goods such as personal ful- fillment, joy, personal satisfaction, etc. Concept of forced labor: When a person works purely for the sake of survival. They are not happy, it is extrinsic motivation. Radical alienation: 1. Individuals are alienated from themselves. (Sees self as a commodity) 2. Individuals are alienated from others. (If see self as a commodity, will see others in the same light.) 3. Workers are alienated from the products they create. 4. Individuals are alienated from nature (environment). Buddhist Ethics: The Four Noble Truths: The noble truth of suffereing, the cause of suffering, emancipation (nirvana), realization of nirvana. - dukkha (suffering): also means imperfection and emptiness. It has three aspects. Ordinary suffering, change, and conditioned states. o false idea of the self - tanha (craving): causes suffering. We crave pleasure, and existence and becoming, and a thirst for non- existence - the eight-fold Noble Path o right livelihood: one should not be involved in a profession that promotes harm to others like producing weapons, poisons, killing animals o right mindfulness: diligently aware of or attention to: activities of the body; sensations and feelings; activities (movement of the mind e.g. distracted) of the mind; ideas, thoughts, concep-
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