Lecture 2 - Neoclassicism I: Rationalist Elements I....

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Neoclassicism I: Rationalist Elements I. Washington Zeus Sculpture a. Was supposed to be in Capitol, but pushed out of sight i. Embarrassing because not usually shown this way b. Changes of taste II. Neoclassicism a. Jacque Luis David i. Death of Socrates ii. Bright saturated colors iii. Structure iv. Program – function of a work 1. To instruct you v. Well-defined clear form III. Servandoni’s Design for façade of St. Sulpice a. 1732-1777 b. First move to neoclassicism c. Why? i. Structure ii. Earlier history (rather than original and inventive) 1. Triglyphs iii. Historicism – appeal to history iv. Rational – makes sense (almost scientifically) d. Cold and uninviting e. Honesty i. Columns are definitely structural f. Track lines of rays of sun i. To track rotation of earth around sun IV.Paestum a. Didn’t replicate them in Renaissance = too primitive b. 18 th century – replicated and exaggerate primitiveness V. Excavate Pompeii a. 1749 b. Beginning of archaeology c. Enlightenment i. Philosophical movement
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ii. Human operations (including history) is reexamined
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Lecture 2 - Neoclassicism I: Rationalist Elements I....

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