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Unformatted text preview: African Architecture (Sub-Sahara) I. Modest a. Cosmological I I. Southern Africa a. Kailisha - Build with trash from industrial revolution i. Tires, cardboard, sheets of metal I I I. Great Zimbabwe a. Fortress b. Stone c. Chieftan = builder d. 1300/1400s e. 1000s of people built it f. Unusual i. Advanced technology 1. Stone a. Cut b. Move c. Build ii. Decentralized Africa 1. No political unifying leader 2. Many t ribes 3. So how did he get large group of people to build this for him? IV. West Africa a. Mosque i. Mud 1. Cant be tall because it will collapse ii. Mali iii. Renew the mud 1. Whitewash paint 2. Slip a. Clay dissolved in water, slap it on b. Timbuktu i. Mosque ii. Thick mud base iii. High Heights c. Nigeria i. Village houses 1. Men make framework 2. Women apply mud a. Carve into mud b. Paint mud c. PERSONAL EXPRESSION V. African House a. Usually clan dwelling (in villages especially) b. Chain of chambers c. Segregated by gender/age/class/function d. Includes livestock i. For protection and proximity...
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- Fall '10