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Lecture 4 - Infant Perception I Perceptual Development a...

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Infant Perception I. Perceptual Development a. Ability to interpret sensory information b. Important to who we are c. Knowledge about the world depends on way we perceive it d. Genetic reasons for our perceptions as well as culture II. Attractiveness a. By 6 months, babies can detect the more attractive face III. William James a. 1890, The Principles of Psychology b. Said babies world is completely new and confusing IV.Empiricist/Constructivist View a. All perceptions must be learned through interactions w/ environment b. Born with Blank slate and everything is learned V. Nativists a. All Perceptions innate b. James and Elinore Gibson i. Evolution has created body to live in current physical environment ii. Brain evolved to just know how to interpret physical world 1. Pre-wired to perceive world VI. What Data Shows a. Many perceptual abilities are innate (Gibson) i. Genetic canalizaton/brain growth b. Some learned, but through innate mechanisms i. Language, face perception ii. Universal for specie, but cultural influences c. Completely learned and culturally dependent VII. Distal vs. Proximal Stimuli a. We see 3D (distal stimulus) and it gets projected 2D onto retina (proximal stimulus) b.
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