Lecture 6 - Early Social Development I Determining Factors...

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Early Social Development I. Determining Factors is how Kids Socialize a. Emotion i. Ability to understand ii. Interpret your own emotions b. Personality i. Temperament – biological underpinning of personality c. Attachment i. Form bonds with people close to them 1. Parents ii. Can be good/bad attachment d. Sense of Self e. Peer Relationships i. How kids interact with other kids f. Gender II. Psychoanalytic Theories a. Try to understand development of personality by understanding deep processes in mind that are not easily observed b. Freud (1856-1939) i. Behaviors driven by unconscious mind ii. Need to satisfy drives and motives iii. Personality is developed from what happened to you as a child iv. Neurologist v. Developmental theory vi. Theories came from trying to figure out why his clinical patients did the strange things that they did vii.Types of psych disorders change with time 1. Sexual repression in Victorian Age of Freud 2. Typical Freudian patient = woman on wedding night suddenly paralyzed from waist down (mental) III. Freudian Contributions i. Role of early experiences as kids ii. Unconscious mind iii. Emphasis of emotional relationships on development b. 5 Developmental Stages (3 infant/preschool) i. Motivation from drives and to reduce the drives ii. Oral Stage (birth to 1 year) 1. Source of pleasure orally to reduce sex drive = sucking/eating 2. Oedipus complex 3. Id controls 4. Too much sucking = sexual fiend in adulthood a. Tied babies arms to not suck thumbs 5. Too little sucking = oral fixation (biting nails) iii. Anal Stage (1-3) 1. Source of pleasure = defecation
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2. Beginning of superego and ego a. Potty training 3. Too strict = neat freak, guilty, OCD (anxiety) 4. Too lax = criminal, slob, and rebel iv. Phallic Stage (3-6) 1. Increase in sexual urges and curiosity in gender differences 2. Superego in gender identify 3. Kids play doctor, masturbate, wonder why boys and girls are different c. Structures of Personality i. Id 1. Biological drive everyone is born with a. Original sin b. Sex and Aggressiveness 2. Libido = psychic energy of id ii. Ego 1. Conflict (guilt) resolution of Id and Superego in acceptable ways iii. Superego 1. Societal rules get incorporated in superego 2. Parents determine the extent to which superego rules IV.Erik Erikson (1902-1994) a. Behaviors driven by series of age-related developmental crisis that person must resolve = personality b. 8 Stages i. Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth -1) 1. Establish trust and own trustworthiness 2. Requires warm, consistent, reliable care giving ii. Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3) 1. Skills to be independent or dependent 2. Talking, walking, having ideas 3. Challenge in parenting a. Style can affect child forever iii. Initiation vs. Guilt (4-6) 1. Children identify with and learn from parents 2. (Phallic stage) 3. Set goals and try to achieve them 4. Conscience based on parent’s rules 5. Balance between initiative and guilt V. Learning Theories a. Reaction to unscientific nature of Psychodynamic Theories
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Lecture 6 - Early Social Development I Determining Factors...

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