Chapter 1 - I. Intro to the Field of Psychology a. Affect...

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I. Intro to the Field of Psychology a. Affect (Feelings) i. What you see on their face ii. Flat – emotionless b. Behavior i. observe c. Cognition (thoughts) i. Can inquire, but can’t observe d. Study topics that are difficult to define II. 4 Goals of Psych a. describe, explain, predict, and control III. History of Psych a. Philo and Natural Sciences roots b. India: Buddha – How do sensations fuse to make ideas? c. China: Confucius – power of ideas and educated mind d. Hebrew Scriptures – mind/emotion linked to body e. Socrates and Plato – Dualism: mind separate from body; mind exists after death; ideas are inborn (born with ideas) f. Aristotle: Soul not separate from body; knowledge comes from experience g. René Descartes: Dualist; soul-body separate; How do the two interact?; pineal gland was root of soul h. John Locke: mind = Tabula Rasa – mind is a blank slate at birth and experiences wrote on it IV.Empiricism a. Observation/experimentation b. Gustav Fechner – founder of psych experimentation (studied perception) c. Hermann von Helmholtz – studied visual and auditory perception V. Structuralism a. Wilhelm Wundt i. Conscious could be broken down into individual parts b. Titchener (student) i. Could also break down sensations as well ii. Margaret Washburn – animals c. Introspection – look objectively at one’s own thoughts d. Broken down into individual emotions and sensations VI.Functionalism a. William James i. Mary Whiton Calkins – studied memory and psych of the self b. How mind allows people to function in society c. Consciousness applied to everyday life, not just analysis of it VII. Gestalt a. Wetheimer b. “whole is greater than the sum of it parts”
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c. can’t understand individual sensations because they’re all connected in the mind VIII. Psycholanalysis a. Sigmund Freud b. First psychologist with medical degree c. Treatment when symptoms were mental not physical
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSY 0010 taught by Professor Joshuafetterman during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Chapter 1 - I. Intro to the Field of Psychology a. Affect...

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