Coon12e_PPT_CH9 - Chapter 9 Cognition Language Creativity...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 Cognition, Language, Creativity, and Intelligence
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognition: Definition of Terms Cognition: Mentally processing information (images, concepts, etc.); thinking Internal representation: Mental expression of a problem or situation Concept: Generalized idea representing a category of related objects or events Language: Words or symbols, and rules for combining them, which are used for thinking and communication
Background image of page 2
More Types of Mental Images Created image: Image that has been assembled or invented rather than remembered Kinesthetic image: Created from muscular sensations
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Concept Formation Concept formation: Process of classifying information into meaningful categories Positive instance: Object or event that belongs to the concept class Negative instance: Object or event that does not belong to the concept class
Background image of page 4
Types of Concept Formations Conjunctive concept: Class of objects that are defined by the presence of two or more features (e.g., rabbit is white and furry) Relational concept: Based on how an object relates to something else or how its features relate to one another Disjunctive concept: Objects that have at least one of several possible features; either- or concept (strike in baseball)
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
More Concept Issues and Terms Prototypes: Ideal model used as a prime example of a concept Denotative meaning: Exact dictionary definition of a word or concept; its objective meaning Connotative meaning: Emotional or personal meaning of a concept
Background image of page 6
Even More Concept Issues and Terms! Semantic differential: Measure of connotative meaning obtained by rating words or concepts on several dimensions
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Language: Some Terms to Know Semantics: Study of meanings in language and words Phonemes: Basic speech sounds of a language Morphemes: Speech sounds collected into meaningful units, like syllables or words
Background image of page 8
Language Continued Grammar: Set of rules for making sounds into words and words into sentences Syntax: Rules for word order in sentences Transformation rules: Rules that allow us to change a declarative sentence into other voices (passive, active) or forms American Sign Language (ASL): Language used by deaf and hearing-impaired people
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Problem Solving Mechanical solution: Achieved by trial and error or by a fixed procedure Algorithm: Learned set of rules that always leads to a correct solution of a problem General solution: States the requirements for success but not in enough detail for further action
Background image of page 10
Heuristics Heuristics: Strategy for identifying and evaluating problem solutions Random search strategy: All possibilities are tried, more or less randomly
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Insight Sudden mental reorganization of a problem that makes the solution obvious Involves three abilities:
Background image of page 12
Selective Encoding Selecting information that is relevant to a problem while ignoring distractions
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Selective Combination Connecting seemingly unrelated bits of useful information
Background image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

Page1 / 56

Coon12e_PPT_CH9 - Chapter 9 Cognition Language Creativity...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 15. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online