Coon12e_PPT_CH13 - Chapter 13 Health, Stress, and Coping...

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Chapter 13 Health, Stress, and Coping
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Health Psychology Uses behavioral principles to prevent illness and death, and promote health Behavioral medicine: Applies psychology to manage medical problems (e.g., asthma and diabetes) Lifestyle diseases: Diseases related to health-damaging personal habits (e.g., strokes and lung cancer)
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Behavioral Risk Factors Actions that increase the chances of disease, injury, or premature death Disease-prone personality: Personality type associated with poor health; person tends to be chronically depressed, anxious, hostile, and frequently ill
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Ways to Promote Health and Early Prevention Refusal skills training: Program that teaches young people how to resist pressures to begin smoking (can also be applied to other drugs) Life skills training: Teaches stress reduction, self-protection, decision making, self-control, and social skills
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Community Health Campaign Community-wide education program that provides information about how to decrease risk factors and promote health
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More Ways to Promote Health Role model: Person who serves as a positive example of good and desirable behavior Wellness: Positive state of good health and well-being; more than the absence of disease
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General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS, Selye) Series of bodily reactions to prolonged stress; occurs in three stages:
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Alarm Reaction Body resources are mobilized to cope with added stress
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Stage of Resistance Body adjusts to stress but at a high physical cost; resistance to other stressors is lowered
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Stage of Exhaustion Body’s resources are drained and stress hormones are depleted, possibly resulting in psychosomatic disease, loss of health, or complete collapse
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Stress Stress: Mental and physical condition that occurs when a person must adjust or adapt to the environment Includes marital and financial problems Eustress: Good stress Stress reaction: Physical reaction to stress Autonomic nervous system is aroused
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Stressor Condition or event in environment that challenges or threatens the person Pressure: When a person must meet urgent external demands or expectations
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Immunity Immune system: Mobilizes bodily defenses, like white blood cells, against invading microbes and other diseases Psychoneuroimmunology: Study of connections among behavior, stress, disease, and immune system
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Stress Management Use of cognitive behavioral strategies to reduce stress and improve coping skills Progressive relaxation: Produces deep
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

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Coon12e_PPT_CH13 - Chapter 13 Health, Stress, and Coping...

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