Coon12e_PPT_CH14 - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders What...

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Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders
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What is Normal? Psychopathology: Scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders; abnormal or maladaptive behavior Subjective discomfort: Private feelings of pain, unhappiness, or emotional distress Statistical abnormality: Having extreme scores on some dimension, such as intelligence, anxiety, or depression
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What is Normal? (cont) Social nonconformity: Disobeying societal standards for normal conduct; usually leads to destructive or self-destructive behavior Situational context: Social situation, behavioral setting, or general circumstances in which an action takes place Is it normal to walk around naked among strangers? If you are in a locker room and in the shower area, yes!
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Cultural Relativity Judgments are made relative to the values of one’s culture
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Clarifying and Defining Abnormal Behavior (Mental Illness) Maladaptive behavior: Behavior that makes it difficult to function, to adapt to the environment, and to meet everyday demands Mental disorder: Significant impairment in psychological functioning Those with mental illness lose the ability to adequately control thoughts, behaviors, or feelings
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Insanity Definition: A legal term; refers to an inability to manage one’s affairs or to be unaware of the consequences of one’s actions Those judged insane (by a court of law) are not held legally accountable for their actions Can be involuntarily committed to a psychiatric hospital How accurate is the judgment of insanity?
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Some Psychological Disorders Psychotic disorder: Severe mental disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusions, social withdrawal, and a move away from reality Organic mental disorder: Mental or emotional problem caused by brain pathology (i.e., brain injuries or diseases)
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Some More Psychological Disorders Mood disorder: Major disturbances in mood or emotions, like depression or mania Anxiety disorder: Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, anxiety, and behavior distortions
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More Psychological Disorders Somatoform disorder: Physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury (blindness, anesthesia) for which there is no identifiable physical cause Dissociative disorder: Temporary amnesia, multiple identity, or depersonalization (like being in a dream world, feeling like a robot, feeling like you are outside of your body) Personality disorder: Deeply ingrained, unhealthy, maladaptive personality patterns
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A Final Few Psychological Disorders Substance-related disorder: Abuse or dependence on a mind- or mood-altering drug, like alcohol or cocaine Person cannot stop using the substance and may suffer withdrawal symptoms if they do Sexual and gender identity disorders: Problems with sexual identity, deviant sexual behavior, or sexual adjustment Neurosis: Archaic; once used to refer to, as a group, anxiety, somatoform, and dissociative disorders, and to some forms of depression
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

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Coon12e_PPT_CH14 - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders What...

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