Key Terms 3 - Key Terms Abstract principles Concepts and...

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Key Terms Abstract principles Concepts and ideas removed from specific examples and concrete situations. Accommodation In Piaget’s theory, the modification of existing mental patterns to fit new demands (that is, mental schemes are changed to accommodate new information or experiences). Active euthanasia Deliberately inducing death. Activity theory Theory stating that the best adjustment to aging occurs when people remain active mentally, socially, and physically. Adolescence The culturally defined period between childhood and adulthood. Affectional needs Emotional needs for love and affection. Ageism Discrimination or prejudice based on a person’s age. Amniocentesis Testing of the amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman’s womb to identify fetal sex and to detect genetic defects in the fetus. Andropause A gradual decline in testosterone levels in older men. Anorexia nervosa Active self-starvation or a sustained loss of appetite that has psychological origins. Apathy Indifference, listlessness, and a loss of motivation. Artificial insemination Medically engineered impregnation. Assimilation In Piaget’s theory, the application of existing mental patterns to new situations (that is, the new situation is assimilated to existing mental schemes). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) A behavioral problem characterized by short attention span, restless movement, and impaired learning capacity. Authoritarian parents Parents who enforce rigid rules and demand strict obedience to authority. Authoritative parents Parents who supply firm and consistent guidance combined with love and affection. Autism A severe disorder involving mutism, sensory spin-outs, sensory blocking, tantrums, unresponsiveness to others, and other difficulties. Autonomy versus shame and doubt A conflict created when growing self-control (autonomy) is pitted against feelings of shame or doubt. Babbling The repetition by infants of meaningless language sounds (including both vowel and consonant sounds). Behavior modification Applying principles of learning to change or eliminate maladaptive or abnormal behavior. Bereavement Period of emotional adjustment that follows the death of a loved one. Biological aging Physiological changes that accompany growing older. Biological predisposition The presumed hereditary readiness of humans to learn certain skills, such as how to use language, or a readiness to behave in particular ways. Caregiving styles Identifiable patterns of parental caretaking and interaction with children. Child abuse Physical or emotional harm caused by violence, mistreatment, or neglect. Childhood rebellion Open resistance to, or defiance of, adult authority. Climacteric A point during late middle age when males experience a significant change in health, vigor, or appearance. Cloning
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

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Key Terms 3 - Key Terms Abstract principles Concepts and...

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