Concepts and ideas removed from specific examples and concrete situations.
In Piaget’s theory, the modification of existing mental patterns to fit new demands (that is, mental
schemes are changed to accommodate new information or experiences).
Deliberately inducing death.
Theory stating that the best adjustment to aging occurs when people remain
active mentally, socially, and physically.
The culturally defined period between childhood and adulthood.
Emotional needs for love and affection.
Discrimination or prejudice based on a person’s age.
Testing of the amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman’s womb to identify fetal sex and to detect
genetic defects in the fetus.
A gradual decline in testosterone levels in older men.
Active self-starvation or a sustained loss of appetite that has psychological origins.
Indifference, listlessness, and a loss of motivation.
Medically engineered impregnation.
In Piaget’s theory, the application of existing mental patterns to new situations (that is, the new
situation is assimilated to existing mental schemes).
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
A behavioral problem characterized by short attention span,
restless movement, and impaired learning capacity.
Parents who enforce rigid rules and demand strict obedience to authority.
Parents who supply firm and consistent guidance combined with love and affection.
A severe disorder involving mutism, sensory spin-outs, sensory blocking, tantrums, unresponsiveness to
others, and other difficulties.
Autonomy versus shame and doubt
A conflict created when growing self-control (autonomy) is pitted against
feelings of shame or doubt.
The repetition by infants of meaningless language sounds (including both vowel
and consonant sounds).
Applying principles of learning to change or eliminate maladaptive or abnormal behavior.
Period of emotional adjustment that follows the death of a loved one.
Physiological changes that accompany growing older.
The presumed hereditary readiness of humans to learn certain
skills, such as how to use language, or a readiness to behave in particular ways.
Identifiable patterns of parental caretaking and interaction with children.
Physical or emotional harm caused by violence, mistreatment, or neglect.
Open resistance to, or defiance of, adult authority.
A point during late middle age when males experience a significant change in
health, vigor, or appearance.