Key Terms 7 - Key Terms Acquisition The period in...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Key Terms Acquisition The period in conditioning during which a response is reinforced. Antecedents Events that precede a response. Aversive stimulus A stimulus that is painful or uncomfortable. Avoidance learning Learning to make a response in order to postpone or prevent discomfort. Behavioral contract A formal agreement stating behaviors to be changed and consequences that apply. Classical conditioning A form of learning in which reflex responses are associated with new stimuli. Cognitive learning Higher level learning involving thinking, knowing, understanding, and anticipation. Cognitive map Internal images or other mental representations of an area (maze, city, campus, and so forth) that underlie an ability to choose alternate paths to the same goal. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) Learning aided by computer-presented information, exercises, and feedback. Conditioned emotional response An emotional response that has been linked to a previously non- emotional stimulus by classical conditioning. Conditioned stimulus A stimulus that evokes a response because it has been repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned response A learned response elicited by a conditioned stimulus. Conditioning chamber An apparatus designed to study operant conditioning in animals; a Skinner box. Consequences Effects that follow a response. Continuous reinforcement A schedule in which every correct response is followed by a reinforcer. Desensitization Reducing fear or anxiety by repeatedly exposing a person to emotional stimuli while the person is deeply relaxed. Discovery learning Learning based on insight and understanding. Discriminative stimuli Stimuli that precede rewarded and non-rewarded responses in operant conditioning. Drill and practice A basic CAI format, typically consisting of questions and answers. Educational simulations Computer programs that simulate real-world settings or situations to promote learning. Escape learning
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

Page1 / 3

Key Terms 7 - Key Terms Acquisition The period in...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online