Key Terms 9 - Key Terms Acquired strategies Learned tactics...

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Key Terms Acquired strategies Learned tactics for swiftly solving the problems encountered in one’s area of expertise. Adaptive behaviors Basic skills and actions considered necessary for self-care and for dealing successfully with the environment. American Sign Language A language system of hand gestures used by deaf and hearing-impaired persons. Anagrams Test A test of creativity in which subjects try to make as many new words as possible from the letters in a given word. Aptitude A capacity for learning certain abilities. Artificial intelligence Any artificial system (often a computer program) that is capable of human-like problem solving or intelligent responding. Automatic processing Thinking that can be done with little conscious effort or attention. Base rate The basic rate at which an event occurs over time; the basic probability of an event. Brainstorming Method of creative thinking that separates the production and evaluation of ideas. Birth injury Any injury or damage that occurs to an infant during delivery. Chronological age A person’s age in years. Cognition The process of thinking or mentally processing information (images, concepts, words, rules, and symbols). Cognitive psychology The study of thinking, knowing, understanding, problem solving, creativity, and information processing. Computer simulations Computer programs that mimic some aspect of human thinking, decision making, or problem solving. Concept A generalized idea representing a class of related objects or events. Concept formation The process of classifying information into meaningful categories. Conceptual rule A formal rule for deciding if an object or event is an example of a particular concept. Conjunctive concept A class of objects that have two or more features in common. Connotative meaning The subjective, personal, or emotional meaning of a word or concept. Consequences Test A test of creativity in which subjects try to list as many consequences as possible that would follow if some basic change were made in the world. Convergent thought Thinking directed toward discovery of a single, established correct answer. Created image A mental image that has been assembled or invented rather than simply remembered. Cretinism Stunted growth and mental retardation caused by an insufficient supply of thyroid hormone. Cross-stimulation effect In group problem solving, the tendency of one person’s ideas to trigger ideas from others. Culture-fair test A test designed to minimize the importance of skills and knowledge that may be more common in some cultures than in others. Deductive thought Thought that applies a general set of rules to specific situations; for example, using the laws of gravity to predict the behavior of a single falling object. Delayed response problem
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

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Key Terms 9 - Key Terms Acquired strategies Learned tactics...

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