Key Terms 14 - Key Terms Alzheimers disease An age-related...

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Key Terms Alzheimer’s disease An age-related disease characterized by memory loss, mental confusion, and in its later stages, by a nearly total loss of mental abilities. Antisocial personality A person who lacks a conscience, is emotionally shallow, impulsive, selfish, and tends to manipulate others. Anxiety Apprehension, dread, or uneasiness similar to fear but based on an unclear threat. Anxiety disorder Disruptive feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety, or distortions in behavior that are anxiety related. Anxiety reduction hypothesis Explains the self-defeating nature of avoidance responses as a result of the reinforcing effects of relief from anxiety. Avoidance learning Learning that occurs when making a particular response delays or prevents the onset of a painful or unpleasant stimulus. Behavioristic Any approach that emphasizes overt, observable behavior and the effects of learning and conditioning. Biochemical abnormality A disturbance of the body’s chemical systems, especially in brain chemicals or neurotransmitters. Bipolar disorders Emotional disorders involving both depression and mania or hypomania. Bipolar I disorder A mood disorder in which a person has episodes of mania (excited, hyperactive, energetic, grandiose behavior) and also periods of deep depression. Bipolar II disorder A mood disorder in which a person is mostly depressed (sad, despondent, guilt ridden) but has also had one or more episodes of mild mania (hypomania). Catatonic schizophrenia Schizophrenia marked by stupor, rigidity, unresponsiveness, posturing, mutism, and, sometimes, agitated, purposeless behavior. Cognitive view Holds that distorted thinking causes people to magnify ordinary threats and failures, leading to anxiety and distress. Cultural relativity
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Key Terms 14 - Key Terms Alzheimers disease An age-related...

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