Key Terms 15 - Key Terms All-or-nothing thinking...

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Key Terms All-or-nothing thinking Classifying objects or events as absolutely right or wrong, good or bad, acceptable or unacceptable, and so forth. Antidepressants Mood-elevating drugs. Antipsychotics Drugs that, in addition to having tranquilizing effects, also tend to reduce hallucinations and delusional thinking. (Also called major tranquilizers ) Anxiolytics Drugs (such as Valium) that produce relaxation or reduce anxiety. Authenticity In Carl Rogers’ terms, the ability of a therapist to be genuine and honest about his or her own feelings. Aversion therapy Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive (painful or uncomfortable) stimuli. Behavior modification The application of learning principles to change human behavior, especially maladaptive behavior. Behavior therapy Any therapy designed to actively change behavior. Brief psychodynamic therapy A modern therapy based on psychoanalytic theory but designed to produce insights more quickly. Classical conditioning A form of learning in which reflex responses are associated with new stimuli. Client-centered (or person-centered) therapy A nondirective therapy based on insights gained from conscious thoughts and feelings; emphasizes accepting one’s true self. Cognitive therapy A therapy directed at changing the maladaptive thoughts, beliefs, and feelings that underlie emotional and behavioral problems. Community mental health center A facility offering a wide range of mental health services, such as prevention, counseling, consultation, and crisis intervention. Conditioned aversion A learned dislike or conditioned negative emotional response to a particular stimulus. Confrontation In existential therapy, the process of confronting clients with their own values and with the need to take responsibility for the quality of their existence. Covert reinforcement Using positive imagery to reinforce desired behavior. Covert sensitization Use of aversive imagery to reduce the occurrence of an undesired response. Crisis intervention Skilled management of a psychological emergency. Death, freedom, isolation, meaninglessness The universal challenges of existence, including: an awareness that everyone will die; the responsibility that comes with freedom to choose; the fact that each person is ultimately isolated and alone in his or her private world, and the reality that meaning must be created in life. Deep lesioning
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Smigla during the Fall '10 term at Joliet Junior College.

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Key Terms 15 - Key Terms All-or-nothing thinking...

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