Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Mind, Consciousness, and Alternate...

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Chapter 5 Mind, Consciousness, and Alternate States Consciousness – A state of awareness of internal events and the external environment. Contents of Consciousness – The body of information of which you are aware. o Awareness and Consciousness Waking conscious includes: perceptions, thoughts, feelings, images and desires at a given moment. All the mental activity on which you are focusing your attention. Nonconscious Processes - not typically available to consciousness or memory. These things are occurring but you are not aware of their presence unless you think about them. Preconscious Memories – memories that are not currently conscious but that can easily be called into consciousness when necessary. Things such as general knowledge of language, sports, and recollections of personally experienced events. Unattended Information – an unconscious representation of information that is not the focus of your attention Unconscious- the domain of the psyche that stores repressed urges and primitive impulses. Freud’s theory of repressed memories from traumatic life experiences. o Studying the Contents of Consciousness Methods: Think-aloud protocols: reports made by experimental participants of the mental processes and strategies they use while working on task. o Allow researchers to analyze the discrepancies between task performance and awareness of how it is carried out. Experience-sampling method: An experimental method that assists researchers in describing the typical contents of consciousness; participants are asked to record what they are feeling and thinking whenever signaled to do so. The Functions of Consciousness o The uses of consciousness Aiding survival Biological perspective: consciousness evolved to help individuals make sense of environmental information and use that information to plan the most appropriate and effective actions. Three ways: o Reduces the flow of stimulus input by restricting what you notice and what you focus on ( restriction ) o Consciousness allows you to commit to memory information that you want to analyze, interpret, and act on in the future; also allows you to classify events and experiences as (ir) relevant to personal needs by selecting some and ignoring others. ( selective storage) o Consciousness makes you stop, think and consider alternatives based on past knowledge and imagine various consequences. ( planning) Allows you to suppress strong desires when in conflict with moral, ethical, or practical concerns.
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Personal and Cultural Constructions of Reality Personal construction of reality is your unique interpretation of a current situation o Based on you general knowledge, memories of past experiences, current needs, values, beliefs, and future goals.
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course PSY 103 taught by Professor Canli during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 Mind, Consciousness, and Alternate...

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