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Unformatted text preview: BILINGUALISM BILINGUALISM DEFINITIONS Bloomfield 1933 Bloomfield Perfect, no loss of the native language; Undistinguished from native speakers; Undistinguished native-like control of two languages". Bilingualism Bilingualism Definitions: Proposed by: Bloomfied: 1933 McNamara: 1967 Mackey: 1968 Haugen: 1969 Fishman: 1971 Thiery: 1978 Thiery 1978 Thiery True bilingual: accepted by members of two True different linguistic communities As one of their own As Haugen 1969 Haugen Speaker of one language can produce Speaker complete, meaningful utterances in the complete, other language. Pass as a native in more than one linguistic environment Fishman 1971 Fishman functionally balanced bilinguals (who use functionally both their languages equally and equally well in all contexts well must soon cease to be bilingual because no must society needs two languages for one and the same set of functions". same Mackey 1968 Mackey Alternate use of two or more languages Degree of proficiency in each language Degree depends on its function depends Uses to which bilingual puts the language Uses conditions under which he has used it conditions Macnamara 1967 Macnamara possesses at least one language skill even to possesses a minimal degree in a second language minimal Example, a native speaker of Swahili who Example, speaks English but never learned to read and write it". and ...
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