oct 8 lecture - b. laws What makes an accidental different...

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Laws If a situation exists where all of the information is known but an answer is not clear, you  almost certainly have a non-scientific question, such as a morale or values question. Science will give you facts, not judgments. In the case of Ronald Opus, we have as much scientific understanding as is possible. We  know the facts and intents of all the actors involved. However, science cannot equip us to  interpret the facts to come up with a value judgment on the actions taken. Laws in this case can be either: 1. Descriptive – Scientific (Natural) 2. Prescriptive – Legal (Set down by others) Law of Nature Universals 1. Accidental 2. Real Universal (a law for Hempel) a. mere generalization
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Unformatted text preview: b. laws What makes an accidental different from a real universal? An accidental universal deals with a finite scope and a limited set of objects. It is rather a finite conjunction of particular facts by the very meaning of the terms involved. What makes a law? S is law like if and only if 0. S is in a universal conditional form 1. S is essentially not limited in scope 2. S does not essentially refer to some specific object 3. S does not essentially refer to some specific spatial / temporal location The above works quite well but tends to be over kill. It can rule out some paradigm laws, such as Kepler's laws of planetary motion....
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oct 8 lecture - b. laws What makes an accidental different...

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