oct 13th lecture

oct 13th lecture - 0. 1. 2. 3./temporallocation...

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S is law like if and only if 0. S is in a universal conditional form 1. S is essentially not limited in scope 2. S does not essentially refer to some specific object 3. S does not essentially refer to some specific spatial / temporal location Called a fundamental law by Hempel. Real Universal laws (from Oct 8 th ) 2 kinds of laws a. Mere generalizations (correlations) b. Laws All arrows are black All samples of gold weigh less than 100,000 kg All rabbits eat lettuce All cats purr All samples of copper conduct electricity All samples of sugar are soluble All samples of iron conduct electricity F=ma N.B. Both 2a and 2b satisfy 0-2 of the above. However, with 2b the “b” part of the instance is  derivable using theory, as opposed to 2a. All A are B Aa   Ba The first batch are correlations. They do not explain their instances. The second batch are laws. They explain their instances.
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  • Spring '10
  • Spector
  • Philosophy, copper conduct electricity, iron conduct electricity, a. Mere generalizations, universal conditional form, Real Universal laws, facie counter  example

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oct 13th lecture - 0. 1. 2. 3./temporallocation...

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