The Civil War and American Society

The Civil War and American Society - Understanding the...

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The Civil War and American Society I. Understanding the Civil War: Causes and Issues A. Similarities between North and South 1. Constitutional Democracy a) majority still believed in this ideal 2. WASP populations a) the majority in both regions 3. Language and Heritage (shared both of these things, sought to explain their perspective by comparing themselves to the Founding Fathers) 4. Protestant Christianity B. Differences Between North and South 1. Cultural Values and Political Ideologies a) North: celebrates progress, national loyalty b) South: celebrates tradition, local loyalty (1) idea of individual liberty - the government shouldn’t be able to dictate their life, sanctity of the state 2. Systems of Economy a) South: based on a slave holding, agrarian economy; 40% owned slaves and only 1-4 slaves b) North: industrial, factories -- free wage earners 3. Slavery a) although small percentage owned slaves, the institution heavily dominated the society and was held on to strongly b) slaves akin to beasts/burdens c) believed they were providing food, shelter, clothing for slaves and it was a good institution C. The March Towards War 1. Key Questions: a) nationalization : question over ultimate sovereignty
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The Civil War and American Society - Understanding the...

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