4_reviewing_the_literature

4_reviewing_the_literature - Writing Academic Rearch Final...

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Writing Academic Rearch
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Final papers Finding a topic Finding previous literature Writing clearly Organization of an Academic Research Paper
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Thinking about research topics Topics are general areas of research: 1. How gender and political knowledge influence candidate evaluations. 2. How media consumption (women's magazines, types of television shows, etc)affects women s and men s self-image.
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Finding a topic You probably have some ideas on topics that would interest you If you are really stuck, browsing a textbook or recent journal article abstracts can be helpful
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Under the topic, we are interested in relationships. Relationships -- Connection between one or more variables and one or more other variables.
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Examples of variables Demographic variables Gender Age Education Religion Media use variables Hours spend per week on Facebook Hours spend per week playing video games Behaviors – number of alcoholic beverages consumed during a weekend Attitudes -- opinions about political candidates
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Two types of variables Independent variables -- The variable that is the cause of, the antecedent to, or the predictor of the dependent variable. Dependent variable -- The variable that is caused by, follows, or is predicted by the independent variable.
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A hypothesis H1: As the hours spent by female teenagers reading about fashions in magazines or online increases, the probability that they view themselves as overweight increases.
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We will deal with two issues. 1. 1. Tapping into existing knowledge Tapping into existing knowledge 2. 2. Reporting your research findings Reporting your research findings
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Research begins with what we know. What do we already know about your topic? Are there questions that have not been addressed? Could existing research be improved upon? Approach the literature with an open mind!!
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Social science knowledge is found in documents. Books Texts Scholarly books Periodicals Refereed journals Conference papers Research reports Working papers
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Documents take two forms. Primary Secondary
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Points about secondary documents Texts are secondary documents It is better to use the primary documents Secondary research can help ID primary research
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documents are relevant? Indices
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4_reviewing_the_literature - Writing Academic Rearch Final...

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