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Comparative Government 9.6.06

Comparative Government 9.6.06 - Comparative Government...

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Comparative Government Wednesday, September 06, 2006 / Friday, September 08, 2006 Aristotle (384-322 BC) A Greek philosopher; Author of several classic works spanning a wide range of subjects, including metaphysics, poetry and drama, zoology, logic, and politics. Aristotle developed TWO aspects in the study of politics that contemporary political scientists continue to build on. These are: - a typology of regime types - the proposition: o the “Middle Sectors” are the foundation of democracies Aristotle’s Typology of Regimes: These can degenerate -> into these less preferred forms of government Monarchy (one) Dictatorship Aristocracy (few) Oligarchy (without the consent of the many) Democracy (many) Demagogy (mob rule) The difference is determined by property or wealth unevenly distributed and irate populations overthrowing. Aristotle asked: Which regime is preferred and for what reasons? If you want a democratic regime there must be something between the rich (insecurity) and the poor (resentment); and so the middle class is the anchor of democracy, creates stability.
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