10chapter2 - 2 Purposes of Constitutions Legitimacy Giving...

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Unformatted text preview: 2 Purposes of Constitutions Legitimacy Giving legitimacy to the government is the most abstract and ambiguous purpose served by constitutions. A government has legitimacy when its citizens accept its actions as moral, fair, and just. The requirements for governmental legitimacy vary according to what the citizens are willing to accept based of their history and political culture. The traditionalistic/individualistic political culture is more dedicated to limiting government than the moralistic political culture. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Purposes of Constitutions Organizing Government This purpose involves clarifying who the major officials are, how they are selected, and what the relationship is between those charged with basic governmental functions. Although the organizational provisions of state constitutions vary widely, they generally follow the model provided by the U.S. Constitution by incorporating separation of powers with a system of checks and balances . P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Purposes of Constitutions Organizing Government Each state establishes an elected chief executive, a bicameral legislature (except in Nebraska), and a judicial system with some type of supreme court. In Texas, the traditionalistic and individualistic political cultures have dominated the constitutional process. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Purposes of Constitutions Providing Power The Texas Constitution provides power for the state government subject to the U.S. Constitution's division of powers between the national government and state governments. Although states retain primary control over many types of activity, the power of state officials has been reduced by a combination of factors, including the expansion of the federal government's role in various areas. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Purposes of Constitutions Limiting Governmental Power Americans' history and national character support the belief in limited government that has produced bills of rights in both the U.S. and Texas constitutions and other constitutional protections against arbitrary governmental action. Reflecting popular dissatisfaction with Reconstruction rule, the Texas Constitution limits government by being very specific in its content. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Texas Constitutions Introduction Texas is currently governed by its sixth constitution, compared to only two fundamental laws for the United States. The existence of five constitutions in the forty years prior to 1876 is evidence of the political turbulence in Texas during the period. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 2 Texas Constitutions The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836-45) After 131 years of Spanish rule and 15 years of Mexican rule, Texans declared their independence in 1836....
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10chapter2 - 2 Purposes of Constitutions Legitimacy Giving...

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