Comparative government 9.15.06

Comparative government 9.15.06 - Comparative government...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Comparative government Friday, September 15, 2006 – Friday, September 22, 2006 – Monday, September 25, 2006 Late 20 th century democratization – a selected chronology 1974 – Portugal, Greece 1978 – Spain 1983 - Argentina 1985 - Brazil 1989 - Hungary, Chile 1990 – Germany (East), South Africa Weimar Republic of Germany (1919-1933) The Weimar republic is the name of the regime established in Germany after the dissolution of the monarchy in the aftermath of Germany’s defeat in World War 1. The constitution of the Weimar republic provided for open elections to Parliament (the national legislature) for representatives of a wide range of ideologies including old monarchists, conservatives, liberals, socialists and communists. At the outset the Weimar republic was beset with a number of problems: 1. hyperinflation, prices could double in days 2. resentment at the conditions imposed on a defeated Germany – no army, very high war reparations 3. hatred among political groups directed against the communist and Germany’s Jewish population in 1933, the national socialist party (NAZI) won a plurality (43%) but not a majority in the parliamentary elections. Hitler named chancellor or chief executive. Monday, September 18, 2006 Democracies are frail regimes Illustrate the process of democratization: Portugal – anomaly poorest country in western Europe end of 19 th century had history of authoritarian rule (church) 1960s, there was a tremendous outburst on the African continent of colonial countries wanting independence. Reason: this case does not fit the Aristotelian/Lipset Proposition about the middle sectors and democracy Portugal was the first European country to exploit the riches of overseas trade and conquest begun under Henry the Navigator (1396-1460) during the Age of Exploration. However, by the 20 th century Portugal had become one of the poorest nations in Europe. Nevertheless, it retained control, i.e. it was the effective state in its African possessions in Angola and Mozambique. In 1932 Antonio Salazar overthrew a weak democracy and converted the Portuguese state into an authoritarian regime. In 1970 Salazar died of a stroke and Marcelo Caetano replaced him. Under the authoritarian rule of Salazar and Caetano Portugal remained a poor and isolated country. It did not produce adequately to be self sufficient and relied on its overseas possessions to make up for its economic inefficiency. However, elements in the African possessions began an armed struggle for independence. Portugal responded by mobilizing a large army to subdue this insurgency. This was an expensive proposition which Portugal could ill afford to sustain. In 1974 the Army hero of the colonial wars, General Antonio Spinola published a book, Portugal and the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Comparative government 9.15.06 - Comparative government...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online