美文学要点

美文学要点

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Introduction to American literature 1.The Colonial Period 2.The Romantic Period (the first half of 19 th century) 3.The Age of Realism and Naturalism 4.The Period around WWI 5.The Modern Period
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I. The Colonial Period (the early 17 th and 18 th century) 1. Puritanism : idealism and opportunism 2. Benjamin Franklin e° ° · ± k ? · : “The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin” T Poor Richard’s Almanac i 9 (containing witty maxims for achieving wealth as a result of hard work and thrift) 3.Philip Freneau (poem) e ° °· e ° ° The Rising Glory of America ± k ? · “0 °
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American Puritanism Puritans Puritans The early settlers founding fathers of the America nation To purify the rituals and lessen the authority of bishops escaped to the new world, create a new paradise advocate highly religious and moral principles. advocate highly religious and moral principles. → American Puritanism was one of the most enduring shaping influences in American thought and American literature.
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Chapter Two American Romanticism and New England Literature
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Logic Thread American Romanticism Pre-romanticism 1770s-1830s Post-romanticism (New England Transcendentalism) Flowering time before American Civil War 1830-1860 Declining time after American Civil War 1865-1875
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Representative figures of the time : e Pre-romanticism: Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper W W Post-romanticism: Novelists: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville Poets: Henry Wadesworth Longfellow, Edgar Allan Poe, Walt Whitman Emily Dickinson Essayists: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau
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American Romanticism The romantic period stretches from the end of the eighteenth century through the outbreak of the Civil War (1790-1865 ). 1. Background (1) Political background and economic development Territorial Expansion Industrial Growth The Civil War The “newness” of Americans as a nation is in connection with American Romanticism. → optimism and hope among the people There is American Puritanism as a cultural heritage to consider. (2) foreign influence – Romantic movement in European countries
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American Romanticism Romanticism was a rebellion against the objectivity of rationalism. For romantics, the feelings, intuitions and emotions were more important than reason and common sense. They stressed the close relationship between man and nature; They emphasized individualism and affirmed the inner life of the self .
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Washington Irving (1783-1859) I° ° · I ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° B A History of New York g ----- g A g A The Sketch Book P The Legend of Sleepy Hollow g ----- W A u O Rip Van Winkle
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James Fenimore Cooper 1789-1851 ° ° ° ° ° ° ° O ¤ ° ° ° ° ° ° ° “Leatherstocking Tales” : ± z · “ → →a series of five novels, that is the Pioneers T (I823) the Last of the Mohicans(1826) 1 7 The Prairie(1827) T The Pathfinder(1840) T The Deerslayer(1841) T adventure into the wilderness of the West/
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2.The summit of Romanticism---
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