美文学要点

美文学要点

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to American literature • 1.The Colonial Period • 2.The Romantic Period (the first half of 19 th century) • 3.The Age of Realism and Naturalism • 4.The Period around WWI • 5.The Modern Period I. The Colonial Period (the early 17 th and 18 th century) • 1. Puritanism : idealism and opportunism • 2. Benjamin Franklin e& & · ¡ k ?¢ : • → “The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin” T → Poor Richard’s Almanac i 9 • (containing witty maxims for achieving wealth as a result of hard work and thrift) 3.Philip Freneau (poem) e & &· e & & The Rising Glory of America ¡k? ¢ “0 & • American Puritanism • Puritans Puritans → The early settlers • ☆ founding fathers of the America nation • ☆ To purify the rituals and lessen the authority of bishops → escaped to the new world, create a new paradise • → advocate highly religious and moral principles. advocate highly religious and moral principles. • → American Puritanism was one of the most enduring shaping influences in American thought and American literature. Chapter Two American Romanticism and New England Literature Logic Thread American Romanticism Pre-romanticism 1770s-1830s Post-romanticism (New England Transcendentalism) Flowering time before American Civil War 1830-1860 Declining time after American Civil War 1865-1875 Representative figures of the time : e Pre-romanticism: Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper W W Post-romanticism: Novelists: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville Poets: Henry Wadesworth Longfellow, Edgar Allan Poe, Walt Whitman Emily Dickinson Essayists: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau American Romanticism The romantic period stretches from the end of the eighteenth century through the outbreak of the Civil War (1790-1865 ). 1. Background (1) Political background and economic development Territorial Expansion Industrial Growth The Civil War The “newness” of Americans as a nation is in connection with American Romanticism. → optimism and hope among the people There is American Puritanism as a cultural heritage to consider. (2) foreign influence – Romantic movement in European countries American Romanticism Romanticism was a rebellion against the objectivity of rationalism. For romantics, the feelings, intuitions and emotions were more important than reason and common sense. They stressed the close relationship between man and nature; They emphasized individualism and affirmed the inner life of the self . Washington Irving (1783-1859) I& & · I & & & & & & & & & & B A History of New York g----- g A g A The Sketch Book P → ① The Legend of Sleepy Hollow g----- W A u O → ② Rip Van Winkle James Fenimore Cooper 1789-1851 & & & • & & & & • O ¤ • & & & & & & & “Leatherstocking Tales” : ¡ z · ¢ → →a series of five novels, that is ☆ the Pioneers T (I823) ☆ the Last of the Mohicans(1826) 1 7 ☆ The Prairie(1827) T ☆ The Pathfinder(1840) T ☆ The Deerslayer(1841) T → adventure into the wilderness of the West/ 2.The summit of Romanticism---2....
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Prolin during the Spring '10 term at College of Southern Nevada.

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美文学要点

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