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英文学摘要

英文学摘要

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Part one Old and Medieval English Literature 1. Old English Poetry and “Beowulf”( O ° ° ° ) “Beowulf ” → the national epic of the Anglo-Saxon and English people → Alliteration( O °° 2.Middle English Literature and the Canterbury Tales The Romance( describing the life and adventures of the life and adventures of a noble hero) a noble hero) Geoffrey Chaucer → the father of English poetry ”, →“The Canterbury Tales” is Chaucer’s masterpiece (stories narrated by Pilgrims) → he introduced rhymed couplet couplet to English poetry, instead of the old Anglo-Saxon alliterative verse. (Couplet: (Couplet: A stanza of two lines, usually rhyming. A stanza of two lines, usually rhyming. )
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The Renaissance Renaissance (1485—1660) The Background : the society was in its transition from the feudalism to capitalism. Revival or rebirth of classical arts, culture and philosophy after the dark ages of medieval The key word for it is humanism , emphasized secular concerns , express the interests of the rising bourgeoisie. Shakespeare, Spenser, and Marlowe are all famous literary figures in this period
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Utopia (socialism) The definition of The definition of Utopia is "no place." Utopia is "no place." Thomas More (1478-1535) Thomas More (1478-1535)
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Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) A poet’s poet The Faerie Queene
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Francis Bacon a ° (1561-1626)
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II.Bacon’s works 1. “Advancement of Learning” : 2. “New Instrument” : • the inductive method of reasoning 3. “New Atlantics” : an ideal society 4. “Essays” / 58 essays • A wide variety of subjects: love, truth, friendship, beauty, studies, riches… His style: clearness, brevity, force of expression his essays is an important landmark in the development of English prose
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Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) 1.University wits, the greatest pioneer of English drama 2. blank verse Verse consisting of unrhymed lines, usually of iambic pentameter. F ± ² • “ c ° 3. Doctor Faustus
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William Shakespeare
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the greatest English poet and dramatist 154 sonnets, 37 plays, including 14 comedies, 12 tragedies, and 11 historical plays, 2 long poems. But for such a great writer, we have very little definite knowledge about his life.
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Shakespeare’s Tragedies (1) Hamlet (2) Othello (3) King Lear (4) Macbeth
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<The Merchant of Venice> to praise the friendship between Antonio and Bassanio, to idealize Portia a heroine of great beauty, wit and loyalty, to expose the insatiable greed and brutality ( Shylock ) <Hamlet> hesitate between fact and fiction, language and action To be, or not to be - to live on in this world or to die; to suffer or to take action Soliloquy or monologue - fully reveal the inner conflict of the characters
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poetry 1. Narrative poetry the epic the romance popular ballads 2. Lyric poetry the elegy: a lyric poem lamenting the death of an individual.
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