1 - Anatomy of a Robot

1 - Anatomy of a Robot - ELEC300V ELEC300V Fundamental of...

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LEC300V undamental of ELEC300V – Fundamental of Electro-Robotics Fall 2008 ecture 1 Lecture 1 Anatomy of a Robot y
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What is a robot? • Transformer?
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hat is a robot What is a robot • Terminator?
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hat is a robot? What is a robot? • I-robot?
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he original robot The original robot • The word “robot” was first introduced in Czech playwriter Karel Capek’s play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) I 1921. • The word “robotic” was first used in Runaround, a short story published by Issac Asimov in 1942 hese were way before modern ECE These were way before modern ECE technologies, such as computer, IC, transistors, I, became well- eveloped and impact on our AI, became well developed and impact on our daily life.
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Three (Fourth) Laws of Robotics by Asimov Law Zero : A robot may not injure humanity, or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm. Law One : A robot may not injure a human being, or, yj g , , through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm, unless this would violate a higher order law. Law Two : A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with a higher order law. geode a Law Three : A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with a higher rder law order law.
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efinition of Robot Definition of Robot • According to the Robot Institute of America (1979) a robot is: " reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks". more inspiring definition can be found in • A more inspiring definition can be found in Webster. According to Webster a robot is: "An automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to humans or a machine in the form of a human."
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1 st real robot • Inspired by Issac Asimov’s robotic writing, Joseph F. Engelberger (also known as the faterh of robotics” started working on serious and commercial real working robot in 1956 with G. C. Deveol. • In 1961, first commerical robot nimate” was deployed in GM car Unimate was deployed in GM car manufacturing plant to work with heated die-casting machines rom then onwards more robotics From then onwards, more robotics were being designed and developed. • With the advancement of Electronics and Computer Engineering, robotics were become more and more sophisticated and closer to what originally we think a robot should be.
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nalogy of robot with human body Analogy of robot with human body obot uman Robot Human 1. Sensing : Vision, Hearing, 1. Sensing : Eyes, ears, nose, skin Tactile, Temperature, Motion detection 2. Structure: Leg, Arm, Head, Hand… 2. Structure: Head, body, Arm, Leg… 3. Power: Motion, motor, actuator, relays, source of energy 3. Power: Muscles, bones Fuel od oxygen 4. Fuel – battery, solar . Mind: erception, Reasoning, Control … 4. Fuel food, oxygen 5. Brain: Control, mind, speech, emotion 5. Mind: Perception, Reasoning, Control … 6. Communication - Inter-processor/Intra- body communication 6. Communication – nerve, inter-person communication
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ypes of robots Types of robots
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course ELEC 300V taught by Professor C.ytsuiandmansunchan during the Fall '08 term at HKUST.

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1 - Anatomy of a Robot - ELEC300V ELEC300V Fundamental of...

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