PERSON-CENTERED CASE STUDY Person-Centered Theory and Case Study Application COUN5239 Theories of Psychotherapy
PERSON-CENTERED CASE STUDY APPLICATION 2 Abstract This paper provides an analysis of Carl Rogers’ person-centered theory, its theoretical models, and intervention strategies on a fictional case of a 45-year old Cuban lady with multiple counseling issues. Rational of theory selection is stated. Art therapy, multiculturalism, and spiritual maturation of person-centered approaches are discussed and supported with peer- reviewed articles. Suggestions for limitations of the theory are presented.
PERSON-CENTERED CASE STUDY APPLICATION 3 Person-Centered Theory and Case Study Application Apart from being knowledgeable and experienced, a counselor has to know what theories to apply to clients, when to assist clients, and how they approach the clients in order to be successful in a counseling journey. One of the important components that could help beginning counselors develop their professional identity is their selection of theories they resonate with the most. This paper will discuss a case study of a 45-year-old Cuban lady named Rona who is entering a counseling relationship due to her personal, professional, social, and educational concerns. The paper will present theoretical analysis and application of person-centered approach on Rona’s case. Background The person-centered theory was founded by Carl Rogers during 1940s with a non- traditional concept since it relies on the belief that individuals have the capability to promote self-directed growth if they are in an empathetic, sincere, and supporting relationship (Corey, 2017). Roger’s assumption was based on his view on people – their trustworthiness, their potential for self-understanding, retrospection, self-acknowledge, and self-realization (Corey, 2017). Rogers was influenced by certain concepts of Abraham Maslow’s humanistic psychology which focused on self-actualization of individuals (Corey, 2017). There are four phases of development ranging from 1940s to 1990s – nondirective counseling, client-centered therapy, “becoming one’s experience,” and person-centered approach (Corey, 2017). His theoretical framework was established on his belief that in certain type of settings, people could gain self- actualization and that humans’ universal motivation is to grow and change in order to obtain their highest potential (Joseph & Murphy, 2013). Role and responsibilities of counselors are to be in the moment and to pay attention to the here-and-now experience; to be accessible, authentic,
PERSON-CENTERED CASE STUDY APPLICATION 4 empathetic, and supportive; and to create an appropriate environment that inspires and allows clients to grow (Corey, 2017). Personal Philosophy The core concepts of the theory directly resonate with the student’s personal values and philosophy which are based on Buddhism. The student shares the same beliefs as the person- centered theory which emphasize on the innate potential and purity of humans. The nondirective counseling approach goes well with the personality of the student and her Asian cultural values.
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