Aeschylus Persians

Aeschylus Persians - W....

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Unformatted text preview: W. =wufiwwlwmwmyxzsfi‘mpwwwanmmpuymrgfig WJW-'I:'«.:=r ““‘°‘:“"‘-Z?"‘-"'.'i‘!‘.':‘¥'-"55’-” THE‘COMPLE'TE GREEK TRAGEDIES Edited by David Crane and Richmond Lattimore .AESCHYLUS - II‘ 'THE SUFWHANT MAIDENS _ ‘ Translated by S. G. Benardete . ' THE PERSLANS‘ . Translated by S. G. Benardete SEVEN AGAINST THEBES _ I Translated by David Grene PROMETHEUSBOUND Translated by David Crane IHE UNIVERSITY 01: cnICAGo PRESIS CHICAGO 5: LONDON ' CHARACTERS Chorus of Persian elders Queen of Persia, wife ochm'us, marker qf Xerxes Persian Herald Ghost of Darius: Xerxes SCENE: In the background the palace of Xerxes at Sousaiin the center ' Chorus THE ‘ PERSIAN S firegmund the tomb of Darius. Of the Persians gone To _the land of Greece Here are the trusted: As protectors of treasure Andof golden thrones we were chosen by Xerxes— Emperor and king, Son ofDarius-w Iu accord with age Guards of the country. _ For the king’s return With his troops of gold Doom is the omen In my heart convulsed, As it whines for its master; For all Asia is gozie: To the- city' of Persians Neither a herald no: horseman returns. And some Agbatana * And some Sousa and Aneient Kissa' leaving, ‘ Both on horse and on ship' . d on foot dispiayed 7 Legions of battlei ; . Amphrenes. Megabates; Astaspes, Amisrres, IO '20 Leaders of Persians, kings, ‘ Who are slaves of the greatestof kings, Guarding the legions they rush, ' And as bowman and knight, , With their temper. resolved; . Feat-fill in aspect, Dreadful in battle. exultant: in horses Artembares, Masistres, The brave archer Imaeus, ‘ And Pharandakas, ' the driver of horses Sousthenes. . " And others were sent By the flourishing Nile: Egyptian—born ‘Sousiscanes, Pegastagon, great Arsames , _ Ruler of sacred Memphis; And Ariomardus Governing nutrient Thebes; . And who dwelling by marshes Are revvers of ships, ' and countless' And the Lydian; soft Who inhabit the Coast ‘ Follow commanders and kings: MetrOgathes and brave Adams, 7 And golden Sardis send - Many charioteers, ' - Horses by threes and by fonts, 7 the sight to behold. . And the neighbors of Tmolus_ ‘ They to yolie a sus'enyrns ‘n‘ IcS-Ga- 30 .40 25:3 " f'rh‘ks‘F'M'f new rr fives" gems-x ‘- In servitude Hellas; And the Mysian lancers, Tharybis, Mardon, Anvils of battle. I " And golden Babylon . Pours forth her crewds— ' Borne by their ships—— Who in drawing the how Rely on their boldness. And the tribes fi'om all Asia 'Who carry the sword Follow beneath the Awesome Parade of their king. Thus of the Persian land 7 Of her men the flower is gone, Nursed .by the earth, and all Asia Iaments, conSumed by desire; . ‘ And parents and wives Counting the days Tremble at lengthening time. The destroyer of cities now, That kineg army, has gone Over the strait to the land On linen—bound pontoons— Tightly was clamped the way— 7 , Helle of Athamas crossing, 7 Yokifig the neck of the sea.— - And the furious leader the herd 7 Of PopulousAsia he drives, Wonderful over the earth, . And admirals stern and rough Marshals of men he trusts:" Gold his descent from Perseus, He is the equal of god.= _ 1:5le .e r n n‘ {12' Bars; suns » so '70 ‘80 In his eyes lazuli flashing Like a snake’s murderous glances, I With mariners, warriors, many, And his Syrian chariot driving, Hard on the glorious spearrnen “The archer-Ares he leads.—' .. ' To the great torrent; of heroes There'is none worthin equal, Who resist, by defenses secured, ' - The unconquerahle billows of ooeant Persians are never defeated, I _ i The people tempered and hrave.=' For divine fate has prevailed sinCe It enjoined Persiansto Wage Wars, Which destroy towers and ramparts, _ , and the glad tumult of-horsemen, ‘ And cities Overthrown.- ' I ‘When the vast ocean was foaming, ' By the winds boisterous whitened, Then they learned, trustingto cables And to pontoons which convey men, To scan the‘sacred sea.= ' I 'Deceit'fiil deception of god?— What mortal man shall avoid it? I With nimbleness, definess, and speed, Whose leaping foot shall escape it? 'Benign and coaxing at first ‘ It leads us astray into nets which No mortal is able to slip, ' ' Whose doom we never can flee. ‘Thus assess my heart is torn, Fearfiil for those Persian arms, 1523‘ or a Escher-1:15 »'- 90 102 113 93 IOI _ sat" s arc-2"ch 'm' we film-Imps (e i ( ' Lest the city hear, alas! That teft of men is Sousa;— And lest the city Kissa shall, ' When the crowds of women cry, - Sing antiphonai, alas! And rend their garb of mourning,=u. All the horse and infantry ' Like a swarm of bees have gone I With the captain of the host, - I Who joined-the headlands ofeitherl , d, Crossing the yoke of the se_a.—I . Beds with longing fillyvithtears. Persian wives in softness weep; Each her armed fiirious lord _ _ Dismissed with gentle love-and grief} ,- Left all alone in the yoke—#- -Bu_t come, Persians. Lot usin this ancient palace sit, , And deep and wisely found our thoughts:' How does King Xerxes fare, Darius’ 5011, How fare his people? Has arrows' hail ' Or-strength of spear conquered? But 10! she homes, A light whose splendor equals eyes of gods, The mother of our king, I kneel. Now all must address and salute her. 0 mostmajeStic Queen of Persians In ample folds'adorned, ' Hail, aged Xerxes’ mother, Consort of Darius, hail! Mistress of the god of Persians, Mother ofa god thou art, no" «TI-IE PER'SIANS a - (Enter Queen :20 :30 & Lars on r-r. Us a. .' Unless the fortune of their arms ‘ Now at last has altered. ' Queen Leaving my gold—clad palace, marriage- _Chamher of Darius, and my own, His queen I’m come. Care quite grates my heart; I fear, my friends, though not fearful for myself; Lest great wealth’s gallop trip prosperity— ‘ Exalted by Darius and some god—- In its‘ own dust. But, unexpectedly, That dread has. doubled: sums of cowardly Wealth do court contempt,_.and indigence Quenches ambition’s flame, even if there’s strength. Though wealth we have unstinted; yet fear . Is for mine eye, Xerxes, whose presence here I count the palace—eye. So things stand thus. Advise my reason, Persians,'old sureties: All my gains with your counsel lie. Chorus 0 Queen of Persia, be assured that never Twice hast thou to tell us word or deed, I Which our willing strength can guide; for we Are loyal, whom thou dost call thy counselors. Queen . _ , With frequent, constant, and nocturnal dreams I have lived, as soon as my son, gathering ' His host had gone, his will to pillage GreeCe; But never a more vivid presence came _ Than yesternight’s. Two women as an apparition came, I One in Persian robes instructed well, The other Doric, both in splendor dressed, Who grand and most magnificent excelled ‘ Us now, their beauty unreproached, spotless: _¢S4» I60 I70 180 ‘samufimmm ' - - “MW-'1 A. 44.. :"".'»i.‘w" maxim" ‘j‘ )‘eL-i' A ' .. THE Persia-N s; 7 Sisters they, who casting for their father’s land, . She Greece received, she Asia, where to dwell. ~ - Then strife arose between‘them, or so I dreamed; -_ And my son, observing this, tries to check And soothe them; he yokes them to a chariot, Bridles their necksz'and one, so arrayed, towers Proud, her mouth obedient to reins; But the other stamps, annoyed, and tends apart Her trappings in her hands: unbridled, seizes . The car and snaps its yoke in two: My son falls, and his father, pitying, Stands by his side, but at whose sight Xerxes Tears his robes; Thus. the night these visions Dreamed: but when, arisen, I tenched the springs’ Fair-flowing waters, approached the altar, wishing To offer sacrifice religiously ' To guardian deities, whose rites these are, Then to Phoehus' hearth I saw an eagle fleeing: Dismh dread I- stood: a falcon swooped . Upon him, its wings in flight, its claws plucked At his head: he did no more than cower, hare-like. Those Were my terrors to son, yours to hear. My son, should he succeed,would be admired; - But if he fails, Persia cannot hold him To account. Whichever comes, safe returned, sovereign He shall rule. Charm Queen mother, excessive fear Or confidence we do not wish to give thee. Ifthy dreams were ominous, approach The gods with supplicatio'ns; pray that these Be unfulfilled, and'blessings be filmed _ ' For thee, thy son, thy city, thy friends. Next thou must libations pour to Earth «5:» rec - ZIO d: AESCHYLU'S-xy: And dead; and beg Darius, of whom thou elitist dream, Send thee those blessings from the nother world--'._ _' To light. for thee and for thy son; and hide-‘ I In darkness evils contrary, retained Within the earth. Propitious‘ be thy prayers. We, prophetic in 'our spirit, kindly - V Counsel-thee: all will prosper. ' Queen ‘ 7 t ' Ah, onally have answered the'first expounders . Of my dreams; May these blessings ripen! '- - H And all, as you enjoin, I’ll sacrifice To nether'gods and :friencis,‘as Soon as I ’ Return. But one thing more I Wish to know: My friends, where is Athens said to he? Chorus 7 Far toward the dying flames of sun. Queen I ‘ i I ' i , Yet still my son lusts to trackit down? - Chorus ' ' _ Then all Hellas would he subject to the‘king, Queen H : So rich in numbers are they? Chorus So great a host As dealt to Persians many woes. ' I Queen 7 Are bow-plucked shafts their armament? Chorus _ I a I 7- . Pikes wielded-close and shielded panopiies. 7 . Queen f What eISe besides? Have they sufiicing wealth? Chorus 7 V I' ‘ 7 Their earth isveinecl with silver treasuries. K56: . 220 ' 230 .240 - Queen «THE PBRSIANS :- I new - Q ‘Who commands them? Who is-shepherd of their host? Chorus They are slaves to none, nor are they subject. _~, But how could they withstand a foreign foe? ' Chang: _ Enough to vanquish Darius’ noble host. . - ‘ Queen We mothers dread to calculate- Chorus ' But soon thou’lt know all: a Persian runner-mules; . ‘ Bearing some fresh report of weal or Woe. Herald '0 cities of Asia, 0 Persian land, And wealth’s great anchorage! Hour at a single stroke prosperity’s ‘ Corrupted, and the flower‘of Persia falls, '_ _ And is'gone. Alas! the first herald ofwoe, He must disclose entire What 'befell: - Persians, all the barbarian host is gone. , Chorus 0 woe! woefill-evil, Novel and' hostile. ' Alas! Persians weep Hearing this woe;- Herald I How all has been destroyed. and I behoid The unexpecteti light of my return. ' Chorus Oh long seems our aged Life to uselders,' c572 . "(Enter Herald.) 250 '260 ummmmmmmwmwmwwmmwmmwmm“WWWWmmwwmm—Wwwwwwwwu-umwmfmnm—MWWWu‘ «this Pens-Ians a «l as-Scnrt'us a Alas! hearing woe 7 _ ' ' " -_ 5 l Queen Um. .= x ' . ' A ' 2 Long am I silent, alas! struck down Herald I ' By disasters exceeding speech and question. _' I I . . _- _ a I 29c ‘ Yet men perforce god—sent misfortunes must ' Endure. Speak. disclose entire what Befell, quietly, though you grieve. _ ' And since I Was witness, deaf to rumor's tales, I can indicate what sorrows came. Chorus I - _ j ‘ ' ' Who did not die?.'For whom of the captains Woe upon woe, in van: _ _ I 5 _ Shall we lament? Whose sceptered death drained his ranks The crowd ofarrows, massed. 270 - Manless? ‘ Came on the hostile land.— I _ Herald .. Herald . 7 ‘ r Xerxes lives to behold the light, but,— I The rotting corpses glut the shore, . ' Queén ~ - ' I And adJaCCnt fields of - ' O for my palace a greater light, _ 30‘ Chums ‘ ' . And after blackest night a whiter day.- l ' Woe upon woe. of fiiends - ‘ Herald The sea—dyed corpses whirl ' r Artemhares, captain often thousand r Vagrant on craggéd shores-.= ' ' . ' - , - Horse, was dashed against Silenia's Herald ' ' ' = ' ' ' Rugged shore; and satrap Dadakes, r The bow Protected “one. but all the host; ' ‘ Spear-struck, did lightly tumble from his ship; Defeated in the naval charge, was lost; ' And native-horn Tenagon, the bravest chm-s _ 7 - r . '1 Bacttian, still haunts se'a—hufl'eted - I ' 7 r 2 - .7 - , \ ' ' .Ajax' isle; and Lilaeus, Arsames, 2:3;;:a<:;rflcg::fifl cry 7 , . r _. . . I - 280 . And Argestes, conquered near the island 7 7 All they made all woe. . Wl‘ziere digs do Eli-advo, heat aflstuhborn coast; -_ I 3:- _ l‘ . _ s , . . An neig ors‘o gyptian N' e—waters, the host destrOYed. _ Adm, mm, and, third, shielded _ . - Pharnouchus, from a single ship 0 most hateful name of Salamis! Were drovmed; and Matallus. saw-P Of 0111363. O Woe! how I mourn recalling Athens. _- _ r , i f : Dying, leader of a thousand horse. Chants Changed to richest red his thickset' flowing Athens hateful to he: foes, g3 Beard, and dipped his skin in crimson dyes; ‘ ‘ Recall how many ' '- And Magian Arabus and Bactrian ' Ambes, all aliens in a' savage Persians widOWed vain, Country, perished; Amphistreus, who wielded I And mothers losing sonsk—r ¢ 59 i. «‘53 :9 . n: vans on! I. vs a» I The muchehelaboring spear, and Amistris, BraveAriomardus, all made Sardis Weep; . And Mysian Seisames, Tharybis, of five times fifty ships, His race ijiaean, fair to look upon" (His fortune was not), dead he. lies; - . And the leader of‘Cilicians ‘sin'gIe-handed Taxed the enemy"with<toil, and nobly Died. So many of the rulers I ' Recall, but of the many woes, report - But fiw. ' Queen Alas! I hear the greatest ' Of misfortunes, shame of Persians, and shrill Lament. But tell me, returning to your tale, What was the number of the Grecian ships, I That thought themselves a match for Persian Arms in naval combat? ‘ Herald Had numbers counted, 7 The barbarian warships surer would have won; The Greeks but numbered thirty tens, and ten -’ ' ‘1 Apart from these a chosen squadron Errand; ' But Xerxes, and this I know full Well, _a thousand Led; and seven and two hundred ranked As queens in swifhiess. The count stood so. Seemed We unequal? Some deity destroyed Our host, who weighing down the balance'swung The beam of fortune. The gods Saved the city Of the goddess. - Queen _ I What? Athens still - Stands unsacked? .60, '~ 32.0 33° 34° ,THB'ransmns In As long as there are men The city Stands- _ Queen I I What was the beginning Of disaster? Tell me. Who I I I ? The. Greeks? My son—exultant 1n his numbers. Herald Either an avenger or a II God, my Lady (whence it came I know not), Began the'whole disaster. From Athenian . Ranks a Greek approached. addressmg IXerxes Thus: “When the gloom of blackest night I Will fall, the Greeks will not remain, but leap To rowing—bench, and each by secret course Will save his life." And he your son, upon His hearing this, in ignorance of Greek I Guile and the jealousy of gods, II . HarangUed his captains publicly: As soon As sunlit rays no longer burn the earth, ' And darkness sweeps the quarters of the sky, Ran]: the swarm of ships in three Iflotillas, Guard they the entrances, the straits sea-pound, 'And girdle others round Ajax lsle; I But if the Greeks escape their ev1l doom, ' Contriving secret flight, all your heads Will roll. I warrant it.” So he spoke In humored pride: of the god-given fiiture Nothing he knew. And, having supped, they set _ Themselves in order, each heart obedient; And sailors hounda thong about each per. When the glare of sunlight died, and night Came on, every man was at his oar, ‘Every man at arms who knew them. . :61.) 35° 37° 1c AESCHYLUS i- 1 ,s ' i i i ‘E «run mansist n WMWWuWWWW - ' - . ‘ NWWWWWM, ,, _ i " a s Rani: enc d ran]; .. - ‘ _ To smdogfiffi had begiggnfefom salad 3'30. g With ships’ wrecks and men’s blood. 42.0 A11 night the CaPtains kept the fleet awake; 2 a?“ $1“? we??? “‘1”??? And night ran on. No Grecian arm set Every wars 1P urg ' “5 om mar C secret sail. b t h h as y Rout; and who survived that expedition, white and 1&0: tb: Ste: 0f day' Like mackerel or some catch of fish, The sky h-k ’hagm 0 cross : Were stunned and slaughtered, boned with broken oars From thgaégi; 3:11 mgr semi? And spiintered wrecks: lamentations. cries I The high.Pitcheé cam Bear :01: 5 mm 39° Possessed the open sea, until the-black _ Deacin ' h . f 6 among. us’ Eye of evening, closing, hushed them. The sum A solemn 1:3;npecilagrufl Bing]: Egg If to flee) Of troubles, even if I should rehearse them Rushed with fervent boldness: Hum-Pets flared, 1:: 2333's, I qould .no‘i aliamt' Resr 43° Putting every Greek aflame. At once - S n r ‘ newt}: adj-:13 e y Y Concordant strokes of oars in dissonance 0- 933‘ a nun? 1' - :‘lhgpedilthc waters ficpths': soon we saw ‘ QHEIZS‘ a sea of troubles breaks in waves - m a : first the right Wing led In order, ' l' ‘ _ - . Next advanced the whole armada; 400 E On the Pernans and barbarian tribes.- A great concerted cry we heard: "0 Greek ' Herald " - Sons, advance! Free your fathers’ land, ' 7 But what we ve told would scarcely balance woes Free your sons, your wives,.the sanctuaries ' a: Untold: misfortune came upon them, which Ofpaternal gods, the sepulchcrs Swung the beam to weigh them double these. Of ancestors. Now the contest's drawn: Queen ‘ ' __ . AH 15 at stake!" And babel Persian tongueS ’ But: what greater hatred could fortune show?- _ 30.53 to meet it: no longer wonld the action What misfortune came upon the soldiers, ‘ , LOIUcf- Warships struck their brazen beaks _ swinging the beam of troubles to' greater woes?- ‘ 4.40 Together: a Grecian man-oilwar began I Herald ' ' ' The charge, a Phoenician ornamented stem 41 o I I All the Persians; who were in mmezs Prime.- ‘Was smaShed; “other drove against anodmf- ‘ Excellent in soul, and nobly bred to grandeur,- Fflstl-thc floods Of P‘mians held the BBC: .- Always first in trust, met their death BL": When the “arrows C110de them. and rescue hopeless, "In infamy, dishonor, and in ugliness. Smitten by ,prows, their bronze jaws gaping,- ' ' Shattered entire fl f * Queen 7 'Th ‘ . “'3? our. 56H.) oars. , .- Oh, wretched am I, alas! What doom 3 Grew WShIPSs Calculating, Clasth ‘ r I I h IDESE I Ronnd, and encircled us; ships showed their belly! ' I 7 3 r I I ' - ' a; Herald _ There is an island fronting Salamis, No longer could we see the water, charged ' I ' I 62 I l ' ‘ , v « Anscnrtus'»: Small, scarce an anchorage for ships, Where the dancer Pan rejoices on the shore; Whither Xerxes sent those men to kill-7 The shipwrecked enemies who sOught the island _ . . As a refiige (easily, he thought, The Grecian arms would be subdued); '- -- . I I He also bid, them rescue friends. He conned , The fiiture ill. For when a god gate-Greeks ‘ The glory, that very day, fenced in bronze, _ They leaped ashore, and drew the circle-tight At every point: mewed up, we could not ' ' I Many rattled to the ground, whom stones Had felled, and arrows Sher by 'bOWstring. Others killed; and in a final rush,_ ‘ The end: they hacked, mangled their wretched limbs, ' Until the life of all was gone. Xerxes mourned, beholding the loWest depths Ofwoe; who, seated on a height that near: a The sea commanded all his hoist, his robes Destroying (and his'lamentations shrill); ' Dispatched his regiments on land: they fled . Orderless. Now you may lament their hate, Added to the others' summed before. . . - Queen ' O hatefiil deity! how the Persians You deoeived! Bitter was the vengeance Which my son at famous Athens found: She could not sate her appetite with those Whom Marathon had made the Persians lose. For these my son, exacting as reqnital Punishment (or so he thOught) Called on hiinself so numerous A train of woes. Tell me, .what ships escaped?’ ‘ Where are they now? Can yon clearly tell? ‘ £64;- 45 _ 47o « THE PBRSiua-ns »_ aid . I i I - r ‘- HeWho captained the remaining ships set sail ' I H I I - _ 480 Before the wind, fleeing in disorder; - - - arm rished in Boeotia: some, .7 ' lining: of pieiious warren-were rackedwith Ithn'st, And some, gasping emptin on air: Crossed to Phocis, Locria, the Malian ‘ _‘_ I 3 ' Gulf. where Spercheian'waters' kindly drench- I I i r- The plain; and thence Achaea. and Thessaly I L. ‘ ‘ .490 . Received us, Wanting: theremost died -_ I A I I I I ‘3 In hunger and in thirst: both We ‘f'e1t'. I 7 To Magnesia and Macedonia we came,- The River Axius, the reedy marsh ‘ Of Bolba, the mountain Pangaeon. _ I And Thrace. There in the night a god _ Roused winter out of season: all, who Believed the gods were naught, sang thelr chants. .To earth and sky obeisance made. I 500 When we ceased invoking gods, we med _ Watfls that hadturned to ice: I - Whoever started before Apollo’s rays Spread and scattered in .the sky, he _ Was saved. Soon the brilliant orb sun, 7 Its rays aflame, melts the river’s midst: : I 7 A One ens upon the next: happy he whosehfe I . I W) Was first cut short! The rest did make. their way _ _ But painfiflly through Thrace: not many fled To hearth and home. Thus the city of Persians. I May lament, regretting the loss of youth. Tmthful I have been, but omit many Of the woes a god has hurled against _ The Persians. (Exit Herald.) .1 2 I I en-Eso-HYLUSI. Chorus 7 . _ i O toilsome deity! how heavily You leapedrupon all Persia! I Queen Alas! Woe is me, the host destroyed. O bright night’s spectacle of dreams, How clearly you foresaw my woe, 7 I _ 7 And you, my counselors, how poorly judged. i But yet. as you counseled thus, ' First to the gods I’ll offer prayer; and then To Earth and dead I’ll come to offer gifts, A cake. I know I pray ' For. what is done and gone. but a brighter Fortune, in time to come, may there be. And you, worthy of mm, exchange worthy counsel; ' My son, should he return before_my own. Return, comfort and escort him home: I to woes he'll add more woe. Chorus _ 0! royal Zeus destroyed The mnltitudiuous, proud Host of the Persian men. And the cities of Sousa ' And ongbataua Concealed in the darkness of grief. Many with delicate hands Reading their 'veils, Drenching their breasts, SWOllen with tears, ‘ Sharing their woe, Ladies of- Persia Sofdy are weeping, Desiring each (Exit Queen.) 520' 530 540 «Ina snarsmns- s Him to behold Wedded but lately, Couches forsaking, Soft as their coverlets (Youth was voluptuous), .Their sorrows, insatiate wee. And I the paean’s song recite, ,Doom of the gone, Woe upon woe. Now all Asia Desolate, void, Sighs lament: Xerxes led. Alas, ' Xerxes lost. 0 woe, . - .Xerxes heedless all discharged With ocean argosies. ' I - Why was Darius so long without harm, Archery’s captain of citizens, 7 Loved Sousa’s lord?—— ‘ Armies, navies lazuli-eyed, Linen~winged Warships led,- O woe, ‘ Warships rammed destructiveiy I By Grecian arms. Scaroely escaped was the leader alone (So we have heard) in the Thracian Plains, bitter ways. = They of the first death, Alas, 55° a Anson—muses. Left by necessity, Woe, . . Round by Kychraean shores, Oh, I Moan in your anguish, Cry to the heavens your 'ef Oh, ‘ gm 7, 'Wail long-Weeping . Mournfiil cries.— Torn in the sea—swirl, Alas, I, Mangled by voiceless, Woe, I Fish of the unstained sea. Oh, Houses deprived grieve, Sonless, to heavens their grief, Oh, ' ' Elders mourning, Hear all woe.= They throughout the Asian land ‘ N 0 longer Persian laws obey, No longer Iordly tribute yield, Exacted by necessity; *Nor sufiér rule as suppliants, ITo earth obeisance never make: Lost is the kineg Power.-— I Nay, no longer is the tongue Imprisoned kept, but loose are men, When loose the yoke ofpoWer's bound. 1 To bawl their liberty. rBut Ajax' isle, spilled with blood Its earth, and-washed round by sea Holds the remains of Persia. = I 68:. 570 “580' 59° , _‘_ 3’ mmi‘iflw" ' Queen_ ¢ Tan 'P'E'nsra-NS :9 My friends, whoever’s wise in ways of evil Knows how, (when a flood of evil comes, Everything we grow to fear; but when ' A god our voyage gladdens, we believe Always that fortune's never-changing wind Will blow. As my eyes behold all things As fearfill visitations of the gods, ‘ I" So my ears already ring with cureless songs: Thus consternation terrifies my sense. ' Therefore I departed from the Palaces, Alone returning, unaccompanied By chariots, by pomp and ceremony. To the father of my son I bring Propitious offerings, libations ‘ For the dead: a milk-sweet draught of sacredkine Unblernished; and resplendent liquors of the honey- Working bee, with liquid droplets of a maiden - Stream are mingled; and this elixir Of an antique vine, whose mother is - The wild fields; and golden-green the fruit Of fragrant olive trees, always flourishing Their leafy age; and plaitéd flowers, children ' Of the fecund earth. My friends, recite Your chants and threnodies; recall ‘ Darius, daemon over these libations To) the dead, sepulchral honors,‘which I lavish on the nether gods. Chorus --0 Queen of the Persians. Torthe dark chambers Libations pour; While, kindness irnploring Of the gods, the conductors, ' a: 69 :9 (Enter Qfieen.) - 610 620 e , rm wmmnmwmm W “(mm W «mm-W. .W. «W H mm www.- WWW Wm - I ‘ _ _ . I. “mummmmmmmm dame”... . m I U - - .. www.mmmmmmwamw er A.B'S.C H-‘Y to s: n We offer prayer: '- ' Ye sacred divinities, Earth and King Hermes, . ' a .630 7. Conduct him to light Up from the dead, - Who alone of all mortals, A remedy knowing, ' May show us the ends ' Hearest thou, blessed king Equal to god, As I proclaim now Chantings unpleasant Bar-barons mournful Clear and diverse? Miserable sorrows I shallcry out. . 'Below dost thou heathen??- - Earth and the other gods 34° Leaders of dead, Glorious demon ‘ Him let arise thence, . God of the Persians Sousa his mother; ' Send up the man whom _ Never surpassed -_ The Persian land buried. :- Loved is the man, loved his tomb Hiding his loving ways. Aedoneus conductor, Would that Aedoneus send I i l 650‘ Lord Darius alone:-- Never by war wasted his men, Never infatuate, 4:70» “usages-hm ' r . gran Pant-nus, Called a god in wisdom, I God in wisdom he Was, Ruled his people well.= Padshah. ancient Padshah, Appear onthe height of thy tomb, 7 _ Raise thy slipper saffron-dyed. I " '- ' 660' Flash the lappets of thy crown: ' Father Darius, Oh hither come, woe:- Hear the recent sorrows, 7 0 master of masters appear. Stygian gloom doth flit about: . _ All the youth hath perished now. . ' 7 670 Father Darius. Oh hither come. woe.—'-' - ' . ' ' _Oh, alas, Oh! O much-lamented by his friends in death: The ships with triple banks of cars are gone. ' ' ‘ 680 ' - I ' (The Ghost of Darius rises.) Darius O faithfill followers, companions Of my youth 1, O Persian counselors! _ What burden's hurdening the city-’ which . ', ' In lamentation moans, and makes the A " Tremble? And terrified I saw wife Beside my temh, and graciously received _ Her ofi'ering's; and you Imiemed. standing. 7 _ Near mytclinh, with cries of" resurrection I Calling piteously. Aslcent is not easy. The chthonic deities more readily _ Receive than give; but. I, 'a potent-ate '7 ' _ ' 6'90 Aniong them, came: be quick, that I be un- Reproached for being late. What recent wee . Upon the Persians Weighs? ' t 712 p W“..an , nxmmmmmmmm mum—\Wa has“. when,“ W m. w. saw an mm new." n a . w H mm A n m ammun- i: A--E‘S-'C at L U s '.--~ Chorus ' I’m shamed to behold thee, I'm shamed to address thee, Who was anciently feared.— Dan'us - Sinee I have risen obeying Iainentations, lengthen not Your tale, but speak succinctly, Recounting all. Lay aside your Reverence toward me. Chorus I tremble to please thee, ' I tremble to tell thee What is loth to be told.= Darius As an ancient {Ear obstructs your sense, ‘ You, aged consort of my marriage, _ Noble Queen, ceaseyour weeping; tell me Clearly: many Woes arise by sea, many- Come by land, the longer life is racked. Queen . 0 King, eXceeding mortal happiness. _ . By happy fate! How, as long-as you Ibeheld , TheIeyes of sun, you spent,.liow envied! a blessed ‘ - Life like god’s; and now I you _ I I Your dying, ere you sawthis depth of‘woe. I Everything, Darius, you will ' ' Succinctly: Persia is destroyed: ' I Darius ‘ - How? A lightning-bolt ofhunger? Civil- Strife within the city? Queen ' . No, but all ‘ The host’s destroyed at Athens. no , «TIH'E 'PE'R-SIANS'JB Darius _ I : I I Who among My sons was general? Tell me. Queen I _ I I I _ I _ Furious Xerxes, Who drained the plain manless. \ . Darius A . 7 - By foot or warship was his vain attempt? Queen I . ‘ i ' By both: a deuble front of doubled hosts. Darius I But how did so great an army cross the strait? Queen ' ' - r _ - . Devices, .yoking Helle’s strait, a path 700 - ‘Afforded. Darius r I Heaccomplished this? To close Great .Bosphorus? Queen So it was; some god _ Contrived Darius - y ' I I Alas! a great divinity -' I Deceived his sense. ' 7m ; Queen ' I ‘ , - The evil‘end he made I Is present to the eye. ' Darius _ ' - 7 , I ‘ I ‘ What befe‘ll them - That you thus lamenti> I ' Queen ' I I I The naval host,I Destroyed, destroyed the landed host.- .5 Darius I - i ' I Thus all the people spears destroyed. r w c 73 » 72.0 'a'AB.sc':HrL-os s ' Queen , I Thus Sousa groans desolate. Darius . Alas! the goodly hostlAlasl defenders! Queen All the Bactrians destroyed, no youth remains. Darius O woe! the youth of allies gone. Queen _ ' Xerxes Alone with few they say. Darius Perished how? 7 7 Perished Where? I Queen _ ' To the joyous bridge They came, the yoke of continents. 1 Darius I , He was saved? Can this be true? Queen _ I Yes, a clear report without dispute.- D'arius ' Alas! that prophecy was quick to act! Zeus hurled against my son its lightning-end, ‘ - While I_expecte.d after many years 7 I The godswould make an end; but when az'man’s Willing and eager, god joins in. The spring Of evil’s found: myson in ignorance ‘ Discovered it.-by youthful pride; who hoped To check the sacred waters of the Hellespont By chains, just as if it Were a slavefHe smoothed His way, yoking Neptune’s flowing Bosphorus With hammered shackles. Mortal though he was, 1743' 73b 74c Queen ¢ THE renalsns s " By folly thought to conquer all the gods“ And Neptune. Had not my son diseased his sense? i fear my labored wealth will fall the prey Of conquerors. \ . Wicked men counseled this. filrious Xerxes learned; saying you acquired wealth By spear, while he, in cowardice, played The warrior at home, and multiplied _ By :10an his ancestral wealth. So often I These wicked men reproached him, until he Did plot his martial way toward Greece. Darius So their great, eternal'deed is done! Never had anyone before made this Sousa so empty and so desolate, I Since Zeus, our Lord, bestowed that honor: one man to wield his rod’s authority ‘ - Over all of Asia, rich in flocks'l First was leader of the host; Next-his son fulfilled the office well, Whose reason was the helmsman to his-spirit; ‘ Third was Cyrus, fortunate, whose ruie Brought peace to all: the Lydian people And the Phrygian he acquired, And marched his might against Ionia: : No god resented him, for he was wise: r 1 ' And fourth was Cyrus" son, who shamed his country And ancestral throne; but Artaphrenes ' (Aided by his guile) and his friends, Whose task this was, slew him in his palace.- After him. I, willing, drew the lot To rule, and often led a mighty host; J But never did I cast so great a woe «‘75) 75° 77° '78: e AB 5 err-urns, Upon my city. Xerxes, my son, as young In age as sense, ignored my-wisdom. Know 7 This well, my comrades old as 1,311 of us Who held these powers, never wrought so many Woes. ‘ Chorus To what my Lord Darius, dost thou' Harp on this? How could we, the Persian People, fare the best? ' Darius ‘ If you lead _ No expedition to the land of Greece, Not even if the Median host he more; For Grecian soil is their own ally. Chorus 7 L - - What dost thou intend by that, “their own-ally”? Darius _ I I It sta‘rves to death excessive numbers. Chorus But, be sure, we'll raise a Well-equipped I And chosen host. ' Darius I But even they, who now Remain in Greece, shall-find no safe return. Chorus _ What? Shall not all the host return Across the strait ofI—Ielle? -= Darius ' Few of If the oracles of gods are credited: As we gaze at what has passed, no halt Prophecy succeeds, but either all. ' - Or none. If we credit them, he leaves (76» 79° 'Soo tannin:sis,iL;.k.i.u.na,’.nm>—-e.ub w - at THE_¥ER'S:I:;A‘*N'SI 1;! ' Behind, his empty hopes persuading, chosen» Numbers of his host, who now are stationed ' Where Asepus floods the plain, its rich sapr r Kind to. Boeotia; here await-them _ The lowest depths of woe to sufiér, payment For his pride and'godless arrogance. . They, invading Greece, feitno awe, They did not hesitate to plunder images- Of gods, and put temples to the torch: ' Alters were no more, and statues, like trees, \Vere uprooted, torn from their bases In all confusion. Thus their wickedness Shall no less make them suffer: - Other woes the future holds in store, = And still the {cunt ofevils-is not quenched, It wells up, and overflows: so great will be The sacrificial cake of clotted gore Made at Plataea by Dorian spear. And corpses, piled up like sand, shall witness, " ' Mute, even to the century to come, . Before the eyes of men, that never, being ~ " Mortal, ought we cast our thoughts too high. Insolence. once blossoming, hears Its fruit, a tasseled field of doom, from which A weeping harvest's reaped, all tears. A Behold the punishment of these! remember Greece and Athens! lest you disdain ' Your present fortune-and lust after more, Squandering great prosperity. Zeus is the chastener of overboastfill- _ _ Minds, a grievous ccrrector. Therefore-advise. I. Him. admonished by reason, to be wise, And cease his overboastfhl temper Rom Sinning against the gods. And you, aged Mother of Xerxes, go to the palace; *7? =9- 810 '820 . ;AESCHYLuss f I I 4 «T-Hn FERSIAfisn il Gather up rich and brilliant-cloths, amigo - . I ‘ , ' " For many the cities he sacked nevercrossin'g-the ‘Halys'. "I r. -' To meet your son; for he, in grief, has rent ' I " 7 Nor leaving his hearth ina rush”: ' . " ' l His embroidered robes to shreds; Gently soothe - - At the month 0f the River Strymon. Him with your words: to yours alone he'll listen. -. . . 1 - Near places, :3! Now shall I descend to nether gloom. ' The islands of Achelous:-- . ' _ ;1 Ed;:9flfgief:m::flé§d tgfits ' ' _ 8 I Both cities beyond the Aegean? surrounded by towers. 870' ? T 1 ’ glib y Pb fi ' _ 4° Oheyed him our lord, and who round ' 0 Your sou ’ as wea am“ we t 7 " ' ' The broad strait OfHelle boasting, The and' ' And recessed Pro ontis (The Ghost quarius‘ descends.) ' P , ,’ r . Chums I And gateway of Pontus, Bosphor;= ‘ I_ Alas! the woes upon us and the woes . 7 _ . _ And the isles along the headland Washed hy sea ' ‘ ' 880 To come have grieved me hearing them. ' Lying closeto shore: - ' ' , Queen , - ' . . 8mm and Chios and Lesbm the olive—planted. 0 god! how many sorrows move against me! -. I 7 Paws and N805 and MYkOIlOS. But one torment has the deepest fang, ' ' _ 2 And Tenos the neighbor of Andros.— Hearing that dishonor folds about my son 5 And the islands in the midst of sea he fulfil: Its robes. But I shall go‘to gather up ' _ - '1 _ Hams and mosi _ . . . ' 890 Adommejlts’ and try to meet my son- . . ' - 85° 7 Rhodus and Knidosand cities of Aphrodite, - ~ ' When evfls come on those we dearly love, , I ' Paphos and Solus and. 531mm, _ r ‘ Never shall we betray them. K e ' 1 -' Whose founder’s the cause of these sorrOw's.=' (Exit Queen.) - j . ' I ' Chorus ' l Thus the wealthy and populous lands, Oh! 3135. Oh! -what a great and a good life was ours, . I . ‘ 7 I 7 l. The Ionian province, he ruled; ' : _ 7 I 900 Civa “deed, films as' the agéd And the strength ofhis named men - r - - - - l 9 Ruler Oran, ‘4"... r. a...» Was unwvsatied; innumerable allies. _ _ Mild; unconqnerable king, 3% ‘ But now 'we god-routed fortunes; Equal to god, Overcome by the blows of the sea. Darius ruled the land.—- 7 ' I (Enter XerxesalenéJ“ Glorious arms we displayed, and the hulwarlrs of custom - ' 1‘2 Kama: ' . . . . I All they did guide. And returning from battle _- 'I 7 350 011’ 11393511 this (100111: “'0‘: is me. ‘ Grief had we gone, ' ' _ ' _ Wretdhed alas, without augury. _ , _ . _ , ore (Victors, unburdened of all, I . ' ‘ How savagely swooped the deity. ' - I' H l ' Happy and glad, - . .- _ . : - ' ‘_ What will befall me? I swoon ' To home again we came.= - ' - Beholding these citizens agéd; « 73 D ‘ ‘ ’ ' ' ' ‘ a: 79 a We.Wa.a....mumWWWgum.mmm...mm.WNWWWmmmmmmxm—Wmmmm.nmm;ummmmm.w a-AESCHYLUS u zeus'! would that fate had covered me With the Persians gone! ‘ Chorus Oh alas, King, for a brave host, For the great honor of Persian rule, -' For the ranks of men whom a god has slain. Nations wail their native sons, ‘ Who by Xerxes stufi’éd up hell; - ' Many heroes, Persia’s bloom, Archers, thick array of men, Myriads have perished. Woe, 0 King of noble strength. Cruel! Cruel! Asia kneels. Xerxes Here am I, alas, ‘O woe: To my native and ancestral land Woe is the evil I’ve become. Chorus . Loudly shall I send, for your return, __ r _ An evil-omened shout, an evil-practiced cry: A weeping wail of Persian mourners shall I sing.— ' Xerxes ‘ _ Send a-wail of evil sound lamenting and grievous: now. fortune again has changed for me. _ I Chorus ' Mourning wail all-weeping shall I send, In honor of your woes and sea-struck grief: Again a Wailing filled with I’ll cry.= Xerxes ‘ Ionian Ares spoiled, Prove-cred by their ships, Their partisan in war, «80); '950 '. TH E P'Esnsl AN s '_O Reaping gloomy flats of sea and demon-haunted shores. Chorus Oh alas! Xerxes - 92° Lament and ask for all. Chorus ‘ But where are the others? Where is thy retinue, Like Pharandakas, _ Sousas, Pelagon, and Agahatas, Dotamas. Psammis, Sousiscaues ‘ I. 930 Leaving AgbatanaP— ' r Xerxes ‘ . . ' The lostl deserted there, U Who from the ships of Tyre To Salaminian shore Vanished and were gone, their corpses ' pounding stubborn shores. Chorus I . Oh alas! but where is Pharnouchus And brave Ariomardus? Where is Seualkes iord,‘ Or Lilaeus grand, I ‘ _ Memphis, Tharyhis, and Masistres, ‘ Artemhares'and Hystaechmes? ' These I ask you about.= 94o ..-....m.-.‘M_M. menu—enmw .,- : Xerxes Oh alas, woe, alibi»; V ‘ Chorus Did you leave that Persian there, ‘ Your trusted universal eye, «81» 1 “fig-.th ivé-"a‘fi "-ra ..- 'e aw...- Q- ' Who all, heholding ancient, hateful Athens, gasp on shoreI Woe upon woe, wretchde a single sweep ofoar. * sic 98o a: THE-1’ an s {A N s '. Chorus " ' — Struck by recent— It A53 S'LC'9E Y I. U S a Who made his count by myriads, 3 - Baranochus' son Alpistus? I Xerxes I Of Sesames, of Megabates, . -. ' ‘ I I . e A recent “’03- ' It Great Parthus and, Oebares you left behind? ' I Chorus 0 woe, 0 Woe, O miseries. - Woe. alas, You tell of woes on woes.— They met the men-of—war without success: Xerxes , How luckiess was the Persians, war.= I '0]: alas,‘woe, . 99° ' I Xerxes I I The magic Wheel of longing for my friends you turn, you tell- 7 Alas, in so vast an army I am struck. Me hatefillsorrows. IWithin my fi'aum my. heart resounds, . chums resound5.‘ What is not lost, thou curse of the Persians? Chorus I I 7 ' j Xerxes And for the Others sun we long: - . _ _' Behold the remnants of my power. The leader often thousand men r i chorus - OfMardia. Xanthes, Angchares, I I I And Diaexis and Arsamas. - Masters of horsemen, - ‘ _ Xerxes I _ I And Dadakas and Lythims, I I I _ ‘ . And thls receptacle. - I I u Tolmus who never sIaked his spear. I I 7 ‘ I Chorus I r Isee about the moving tents, _ ' I _ Iooo What is this that is saved? I see no followers-4* ' ' ' ‘ Xerxes Xerxes - :3 ' A treasure of arrows. _ Gone are the hunters of the pack. . ' _ - . I Chorus , _ Chorus ' r - ' ' I ' How few from so many! Gone, alas,-firneless. Xerxes Xerxes 7 . r - ' . We are reft of protectors. / ' 3133' woes ' , Chorus I / Charm ‘ d I h Greeks stand firm in combat." Woe, 0 go 5 ‘ ‘ _ ' v ; Xerxes who bropght these unexpeaed W965! ‘7 i 3 Alas. too firm! I scan an‘unexpected Woe. How balefill gleams the eye ofdoom.— - ‘ - _ _ IChorus ck by Wbcs Perpetual . You mean the host; routed and-broken? VI (82: $33» ' ' 'A 1 . “1;” 'meu .mmmmmWWWMonaco“.NM.M....nnn\u._uwmmm.m.inWMc.i at AESC‘H‘YLUS :o Xerxes My garments I rent at my woe. Chorus I Alas, O woe. Xerxes And even more than woe. Chorus ‘ Double and triple the woe. Xerxes . Painfill to us, but to enemies joy. Chorus And docked was our power. Xerxes I am stripped of escorters. Chorus I Sea-deems stripped us of our Friends; Xerxes Weep, weep, Weep for the woe, and homeward depart. Chorus Alas, O woe, misery, Xerxes ‘ Shout antipiional to me. I Chorus- To woehegone woeful gift of woes. Xerxes 7 Raising a cry, join together our songs. _'Xerxes and Chorus Alas, O" woefwcSe, woe upon WOe. Chorus I Hearing this calamity, Oh! Iam pierced.“ Xerxes Sweep, sweep, sweep with the oar, and groan for my sake. «84)- £030 _'ro4o -wgm...-_ m-Au—J.."_..u_ up“ we“; awn...“ as»... A - a: THE .P'EL‘RSIANS'» Chorus I weep, alas, woe is me. Xerxes ' Shout antiphonal to me. Chorus . - My duty is here, 0 master, lord. iXEfxES Lift up your voice in lamenting now. Xerxes and Chorus Alas, O woe, woe, woe upon woe. Chorus Black again the blows are mixed, Oh, with the groans.= Xerxes Beat your breast-and cry Mysian songs. Chorus 7 I I Woe upon woe. Xerxes ‘ _ Tear your whitened hair tightly clenched. Chorus - - Tightly clenched, plaintive. Xerxes I Piercing cry. _ ' Chorus I And so I shall.“ v Xerxes ' Full-fold garments With strength of hand rend. Chorus Woe upon woe. Xerxes _ Pluck your hair and pity the host. Chorus Tightly clenched, plaintive. «853 1050 1960 Xerxes Drench your eyes. Chorus And so I weep.= Xerxes I Shout antiphonal to me. Charm A135, 0 woe. Xerxes 1 ‘ I Wt‘etched, hon-1er depart. Chorus 7 O woe, alas. Xerxes Through the city lamentation. Charm Lament indeed. Xerxes I Softly stepping, moan; Chorus 0 Persian land in hardness stepped. Xerxes ‘ . ‘ O woe, woe, in triple banks of oats, O woe, woe, in argosies destroyed. Chorus - We shall escort thee With moutnful lament. .¢ An sonar I. U s. s . _ (Exeurtt amnesf) 1070 \tfl‘nimamr-Mbmwmgl\-_‘m‘mwhn;._. “a” «mm - M - - a“: mam-WM;me 1-“, M4,;1 »' SEVEN AGAINST THEBES Tremlated bythid Grene - ...
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