Chapter 7 US

Chapter 7 US - Chapter 7: Balancing Nationalism and...

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Chapter 7: Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Section 1: Regional Economies Create Differences *Eli Whitney - demonstrated the first musket, made of *interchangeable parts - parts that are exactly alike. -He also invented the *cotton gin in 1793, which helped to set the South on a different course of development from the North. Another Revolution Affects America -Factories became the new center of industry, making *mass production - the production of goods in large quantities possible. -These changes brought about an *Industrial Revolution - social and economic reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools and large-scale factory production development. -This revolution was started in Great Britain during the 18 th century. -Jefferson’s *Embargo Act of 1807 - prohibited Americans from shipping goods to Europe, which it turned the attention of Americans toward the development of domestic industries. -Probably nowhere else in the nation was the push to invest in industry as great as in New England. They had depended heavily upon shipping and foreign trade for income and agriculture was not highly profitable. *Samuel Slater (1793)- was an Englishmen who fled England to come the US to establish his own mill in Pawtucket, RI. *Francis Cabot Lowell - would exemplify the changes brought by the industrial revolution by building a weaving factory in Waltham, MA and outfitted it with power machinery. -The town would later be named Lowell in his honor. -Lowell became a booming manufacturing center, bringing in thousands of workers. (Mill p. 214) Two Economic Systems Developed -Because cash crops did not grow well in the north so they turned to industry. -Southerners on the other hand had little incentive to industrialize. -As a result, the North and South continued to develop two distinct economies, including very different agricultural systems. -In the north there was little demand for slavery because Northern states had crops such as grain and corn that did not require much labor to grow. -By 1804, almost all northern states had abolished slavery. Cotton is King in the South -With the invention of the cotton gin in 1793, the profit from cotton soared in the South. By the 1820s, the plantation system was booming, which also accelerate the expansion of slavery. 1
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Clay Proposes the American System -As the North and the South developed different economies, the creation of a plan to unify the nation became increasingly important. -In 1815, President Madison presented a plan to congress to try to stabilize the economy and make the nation self-sufficient. There were three major points: 1. Developing transportation systems and other internal improvements. 2. To establish a protective tariff. 3. Restructuring the national Bank.
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Chapter 7 US - Chapter 7: Balancing Nationalism and...

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