Chapter 9 US

Chapter 9 US - Chapter 9: Expanding Markets and Moving West...

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Chapter 9: Expanding Markets and Moving West Section 1: The Market Revolution *Samuel F. B. Morse - built an electromagnetic telegraph that could send signals through copper wire. This established new communications systems that could instantly link people with one another. -In the early 19th century, rural American workers were very self-sufficient. -By mid-century, however, the US had become more industrialized, especially in the Northeast where textile mills and the factory system changed the lives of everyone. -Now, workers spent their earnings on goods produced by other workers. -Farmers began to shift to *specialization - raising one or two cash crops to sell. -These developments led to a *Market Revolution - in which people bought and sold goods rather than making them for their own use. -The quickening pace of the US economic growth depended on *capitalism - the economic system in which private businesses and individuals control the means of production. *Entrepreneurs - a person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture. -Inventor-Entrepreneurs - 1839 -Charles Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber . I.M. singer invents a foot-treadle sewing machine . -As American agriculture continued to flourish, farmers began to use mechanized farm equipment. -Manufactured items grew less expensive as technological advances lowered expenses. -New inventions contributed immensely to the changes in American life. Some simply made life more enjoyable, while others fueled the economic revolution of the mid-century and transformed manufacturing, transportation and communication. -Railroads expanded, becoming a faster way to transport goods and services. -Growing links between American regions contributed to the development of regional specialties. -South - exported its cotton, West - grain and livestock, East - textiles and machinery. -As the Northeast began to industrialized, many people moved to farm the fertile soil of the Midwest . -Two ingenious inventors allowed farmers to develop farmland more efficiently and cheaply while making it more profitable. -1837 *John Deere - invented the steel plow to slice through heavy soil easier. *Cyrus McCormick - invented the mechanical reaper that permitted one farmer to do the work of five hired hands. Section 2: Manifest Destiny -Thomas Jefferson had dreamed that the US would become an "Empire for liberty " by expanding across the continent. -In the 1840s, Americans began to believe that their movement westward and southward was destined and ordained by God. *Manifest Destiny - was the phrase to express people's beliefs that the destiny of the US was to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory . -The abundance of land in the West was the greatest attraction to move there.
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2011 for the course HI 251 taught by Professor Ladie during the Fall '07 term at N.C. State.

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Chapter 9 US - Chapter 9: Expanding Markets and Moving West...

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